Association with or causation by drugs?


Notes of caution about the diagnosis of DIRD

Drug-induced respiratory disease DIRD is a diagnosis of exclusion. Pneumotox is an aid to the diagnosis process

In a patient with diffuse ILD or other DIRD patterns, other etiologic triggers or causes (infection, environmental-occupational, systemic-disease-related, idiopathic, other) should be carefully examined

A frequency or incidence gauge (in the form of digits within stars indicates how many cases were published in the literature. Figures for pathology are generally lower, as not many cases have undergone a confirmatory lung biopsy

Though we aim at offering a comprehensive coverage of DIRD, double-checking in PubMed, your drug monitoring agency, the drug company or other sources may be useful