IV.r

Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)

Once exposure to coal, carbon, soot and woodstove has been excluded. For review of endobronchial stains and discoloration, see Tunsupon et al. at PMID 24189863. See also under 

Last update : 05/06/2016
 

Causative drugs

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Amiodarone

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary opacities
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.r I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.r - Amiodarone pulmonary toxicity
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD or pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.aa I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aa - Delayed ILD, -pneumonitis, -fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
II.l II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.l - Postoperative ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.r IV - Airway involvement
IV.r - Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening/fibrosis - Fibrothorax
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thromboembolism
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VIII.a VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO & asphyxia)
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Ventilatory depression-Hypoventilation (may cause ARF). See also XIe
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XI.f XI - Miscellaneous
XI.f - Pseudocyanotic skin discoloration (see also XIa, XIVa, XIVb)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericarditis, pericardial effusion, tamponade
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Hypotension, shock, cardiovascular collapse
XII.p XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.p - QT prolongation
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm
XV.a XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.f XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.i XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells)
XV.j XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XV.k XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.m XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia - LIP-pattern
XV.o XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.o - Path: Endogenous lipoid pneumonia (phospholipidosis)
XV.r XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.r - Path: Smudged geographic necrosis
XV.ao XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ao - Path: Pleuritis, pleural fibrosis
XV.bt XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.bt - Path: Histiocytic proliferation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass shadowing/opacities (GGO)
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVI.s XVI - Imaging
XVI.s - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with high attenuation numbers or metallic density
XVI.aa XVI - Imaging
XVI.aa - Imaging: Nodules, mass or masses with a central area of low attenuation (see also under XVIaa)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.az XVI - Imaging
XVI.az - Imaging: Solitary pulmonary nodule
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
XVIII.b XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.b - Eye catcher: Electron-dense area or areas of consolidation on unenhanced CT
XVIII.k XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.k - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense liver on unenhanced CT
XVIII.p XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.p - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense ('white') thyroid
XIX.a XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.e XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.e - BAL: Stainable iron in macrophages
XIX.f XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages in BAL, pleural fluid, or FNA
XIX.m XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.m - BAL: A normal cell differential
1

Propylthiouracil (PTU)

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome
III.d III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse, ANCA-positive or related
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
IV.r IV - Airway involvement
IV.r - Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
V.u V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.u - Eosinophilic pleuritis
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions
X.m X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Pulmonary and/or systemic vasculitis (ANCA status MPO, unknown or negative)
X.s X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Pulmonary/systemic vasculitis/polyangiitis (ANCA-positive)
X.x X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ak X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ak - Dual MPO-/PR3-ANCA systemic disease/vasculitis
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XV.a XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.h XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.an XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.an - Path: Eosinophilic pleuritis
1