Bezoars, pharmacobezoars and body packing expose to multiple risks: mechanical obstrucation causing UAO (esophageal bezoars), abrupt increases in drug concentrations in blood causing toxicity or and death (gastric/intestinal bezoars), extended release of drug caisung exaggerated and/or prolonged effects (PMID 22708228). CNS symptoms, obtundation, asphyxia and death may ensue. See PMID 23620219. Review on PMID 24472727

Last update : 23/02/2015
VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
XI - Miscellaneous