Cocaine is mostly snorted. Review of cadiovascular complications: PMID 11484693. See also under crack cocaine and levamisole, as most cocaine samples are now laced with that adulterant (PMID 25544694, 30634141). Levamisole per se can cause ANCA-related vasculitis or DAH. Other cutting agents include phenacetin, caffeine, hydroxyzine and benzocaine. See PMIDs 9358986, 1731605, 17620460, 21980179, 23196334, 24429586, 29459175, 29782427, 30634141

Last update : 13/01/2019
I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
IV - Airway involvement
V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VII - Mediastinal involvement
VIII - Central, upper, large airway, pharyngeal involvement
IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
XI - Miscellaneous
XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XV - Pathology
XVII - Infections & related conditions