Liquid (fluid) hydrocarbons or hydrocarbon mist (salad oil, paraffin, vaseline, parpetroleum, petrolatum, lamp oil, kerdane, jet fuel, kerosene, turpentine, Diesel fuel, Jet-A fuel, JP-8, paint thinner, furniture polish, bath oils, or ointments (PMID 24911841, 25868376, 26063683), shark oil, or butter). Pneumonitis from these fuels and compounds is a disease of fire-eaters, or it may follow siphoning and unintentional aspiration of gasoline, Diesel or other liquid fuels in children or in adults (PMID 30581584). Therapeutic BAL has been used in some instances. Fluid hydrocarbons can cause an acute inflammatory pneumopathy w/wo chest pain, pleural effusion, cavitaion, pneumatoceles, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and secondary infection. Acute mortality is <1%. Recovery is in weeks or months. Suggestive changes on pathology may wane with time (PMID 30581584). Although sometimes effective, corticosteroid therapy brings unpredictable results

Last update : 13/08/2022
I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
IV - Airway involvement
V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
XI - Miscellaneous
XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XV - Pathology
XVI - Imaging
XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA