And/or tobacco substitutes. PMID 22365253, 23001806, 23999882. Passive smoking (secondhand smoke) may cause part of these manifestations, particularly in children. Review on imaging of smoking-related ILD: PMID 24480144. Tobacco smoking may alter the pharmacokinetics of anticancer agents, being detrimental in terms of therapeutic efficacy (PMID: 24926542). Smoking in survivors of Hodgkin's and other malignant lymphomas should be discouraged, as risk of developing lung cancer is makedly increased. Reviews at PMID 25415179, 25415179, 25498399, 29222007

Last update : 22/04/2019
I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
IV - Airway involvement
IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
XI - Miscellaneous
XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XV - Pathology
XVI - Imaging
XVII - Infections & related conditions