Essential reading at PMID 25959215. Transfusion of blood or components (platelets, plasma derivatives, FFP, IVIG, factor IX, cryoprecipitate) may produce among other complications the TRALI syndrome, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality from hemotherapy. A screen for anti-HLA and anti-HNA antibodies (usually from a multiparous donor) must be done in any TRALI case. TRALI needs be separated from transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO. See under II h) (Bloodborne infections are not covered here). Review at PMID 23642914. Indentified risk factors to review before deciding transfusion (PMID: 24673344)

Last update : 11/10/2015
I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
XI - Miscellaneous
XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XV - Pathology
XVI - Imaging
XVII - Infections & related conditions