XI.m

Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae

May also occur via or as a complication of abused drug-induced silicosis or talcosis. Theoretical grounds at PMID 24293420

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

6

Abused drugs/substances (illicit-, street drugs - IV/inhaled)

I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.t I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.t - Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis...)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.g IV - Airway involvement
IV.g - Syncope - Cough syncope
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.q V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.q - Empyema
V.ab V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.ab - Pneumothorax, bilateral
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.g VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.g - Foreign body vasculopathy (Excipient lung disease)
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VI.j VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.j - Mercury pulmonary embolism
VI.r VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.r - Septic pulmonary embolism
VI.t VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.t - Pulmonary artery aneurysm(s)
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VII.i VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.i - Mediastinitis
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical or caustic facial and/or airway injury
VIII.ai VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ai - Nasal, palatal and/or pharyngeal pathology
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.s IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.s - Botulism (foodborne-, wound-)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.bb X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.bb - Talc retinopathy
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.g XI - Miscellaneous
XI.g - Aspiration, aspiration pneumonia (w/wo demonstrable pharyngeal dysmotility)
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.i XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.i - Endocarditis (infective)
XII.v XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.v - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
XV.q XV - Pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/granulomatous reaction
XV.s XV - Pathology
XV.s - Path: Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis, talcoma)
XV.v XV - Pathology
XV.v - Path: Micronodular organizing pneumonia/BOOP
XV.ag XV - Pathology
XV.ag - Path: Foreign body embolism, microangiopathy, vasculopathy
XV.al XV - Pathology
XV.al - Path: Pulmonary hypertension incl. angiomatoid vasculopathy
XVI.u XVI - Imaging
XVI.u - Imaging: A miliary pattern (diffuse random micronodules)
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.ae XVI - Imaging
XVI.ae - Imaging: A pattern similar to pneumoconiotic progressive massive fibrosis (PMF)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.p XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.p - Lung abscess/abscesses (see also VIr)
XVII.s XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.s - Sternoclavicular septic arthritis
XVII.u XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.u - Epidural abscess
XVII.al XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.al - Osteomyelitis (notably of thoracic bones)
XVIII.t XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.t - Eye catcher: Purpuric/Ecchymotic/Cyanotic lesions of the earlobes and/or nose
XVIII.u XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.u - Eye catcher: Talc retinopathy
2

Cocaine

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.n III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.n - Alveolar hemorrhage (subclinical, or as a BAL feature)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.o IV - Airway involvement
IV.o - Airway hyperresponsiveness
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.ab V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.ab - Pneumothorax, bilateral
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.l VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.l - Acute pulmonary vasoconstriction and PHT
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.i VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.i - Midline destructive lesions
VIII.w VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.w - Uvulitis, uvular edema
VIII.ah VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ah - Tracheal polyps
VIII.ai VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ai - Nasal, palatal and/or pharyngeal pathology
VIII.ak VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ak - Rhinitis medicamentosa
IX.k IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.k - Trismus (lockjaw)
IX.o IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.o - Pneumorachis
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.x X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.as X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.as - Scleroderma renal crisis
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ae XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ae - Barotrauma (incl. pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, interstitial ephysema...)
XI.az XI - Miscellaneous
XI.az - Sneezing (may cause pulmonary barotrauma)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.y XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.y - Pneumopericardium
XII.ae XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ae - Aortic dissection
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.aj XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aj - Systemic arterial thrombosis
XII.ap XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ap - Coronary artery dissection
XIV.c XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.c - Carboxyhemoglobinemia
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
XV.aw XV - Pathology
XV.aw - Path: Skin vasculopathy/vasculitis
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
1

Marijuana, cannabis (haschish, hash, bang, dab)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.n I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.n - Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)
I.t I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.t - Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis...)
I.an I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.an - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis pattern
I.ao I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ao - Pulmonary infiltrates, not specified otherwise
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.ab V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.ab - Pneumothorax, bilateral
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.w VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.w - Uvulitis, uvular edema
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.s XI - Miscellaneous
XI.s - Sniffing death - Death from inhalation of compound
XI.av XI - Miscellaneous
XI.av - Deterioration of graft function in SOT recipients
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.w XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.w - Asystole
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.n XV - Pathology
XV.n - Path: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis pattern (PAP pattern)
XV.p XV - Pathology
XV.p - Path: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
XV.q XV - Pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/granulomatous reaction
XV.s XV - Pathology
XV.s - Path: Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis, talcoma)
XV.v XV - Pathology
XV.v - Path: Micronodular organizing pneumonia/BOOP
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
1

Tobacco smoke - Cigarette smoking

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.r I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.r - An imaging pattern consistent with DIP
I.ai I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ai - Pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema syndrome
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.g IV - Airway involvement
IV.g - Syncope - Cough syncope
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IX.q IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.q - Obstructive sleep apnea
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.x X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ah X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ah - Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (typically +ANCA). Or flare of preexisting GPA
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.ah XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ah - Fainting - Syncope
XI.an XI - Miscellaneous
XI.an - Disrupted lung surfactant function
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XIV.c XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.c - Carboxyhemoglobinemia
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.y XV - Pathology
XV.y - Path: Respiratory bronchiolitis (w/wo the RB-ILD-pattern)
XV.z XV - Pathology
XV.z - Path: Obliterative (constrictive) broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
XV.ay XV - Pathology
XV.ay - Path: Smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF). Respiratory bronchiolitis with fibrosis
XV.bw XV - Pathology
XV.bw - Path: Airspace enlargement with fibrosis
XVI.g XVI - Imaging
XVI.g - Imaging: Diffuse whiteout/alveolar shadowing (see also under IIb-ARDS)
XVI.p XVI - Imaging
XVI.p - Imaging: Small irregular opacities - ILA - Diffuse reticulation - 'Dirty lung'
XVI.ac XVI - Imaging
XVI.ac - Imaging: A generalized increase in lung density
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
5