XI.d

Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea

See also under IXg and h. Salbutamol/albuterol and methanol are notable for inducing lactic acidosis and anion gap. Reactional dyspnea and/or hyperpnea can be present. To quote Klig et al. (2014) (PMID 25140963) 'The differential diagnosis of an elevated anion-gap metabolic acidosis is detailed by the acronym 'CAT MUDPILES''. Review of drug-induced AB disorders at PMID 25370778

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

31

Aspirin (Salicylate-ASA) - Aspirin containing drugs

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.m III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.m - Coagulopathy
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
VII.b VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.b - Lymphadenopathy with reactive changes
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.y VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.y - Sinonasal discharge, -blockage, -obstruction
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.q X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.q - Systemic inflammatory response
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.as XI - Miscellaneous
XI.as - Pharmacobezoar
XI.az XI - Miscellaneous
XI.az - Sneezing (may cause pulmonary barotrauma)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
2

Excipients - Vehicle - Preservatives

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.t I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.t - Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis...)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.i IV - Airway involvement
IV.i - Foreign body aspiration bronchiolitis
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism - The FES embolism syndrome
VI.g VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.g - Foreign body vasculopathy (Excipient lung disease)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XV.q XV - Pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/granulomatous reaction
XV.ae XV - Pathology
XV.ae - Path: Lipid/fat embolism (see also VIe)
XVI.q XVI - Imaging
XVI.q - Imaging: A pattern similar/consistent to/with IPF
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
2

Hemotherapy (transfusion/infusion of whole blood, red cells, platelets, or blood products)

I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.e II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.e - Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) (May cause ARDS)
II.f II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.f - Hypoxemia, low saturation (may occur in isolation)
II.h II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.h - Overload pulmonary edema (including posttransfusional (TACO))
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VI.n VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.n - Crystal pulmonary embolism
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.j XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.j - Myocardial stunning
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
XV.aj XV - Pathology
XV.aj - Path: Cholesterol crystal embolism
XV.at XV - Pathology
XV.at - Path: Pulmonary capillary granulocyte sequestration
XVI.d XVI - Imaging
XVI.d - Imaging: Alveolar opacities or haze with a batwing or butterfly distribution
XVII.ad XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ad - Systemic infection (transmitted)
2

Pembrolizumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.j IV - Airway involvement
IV.j - Bronchiolitis (a clinical-imaging pattern suggestive of)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Sptutum production - Bronchorrhea - 'Bronchitis'
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
IV.ac IV - Airway involvement
IV.ac - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting asthma
IV.ad IV - Airway involvement
IV.ad - Large airway inflammation
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.aw X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aw - Connective tissue disease
X.ax X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ax - Scleroderma
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.z XVI - Imaging
XVI.z - Imaging: A large nodule or a mass
XVI.ai XVI - Imaging
XVI.ai - Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
1

Propofol

II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.f II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.f - Hypoxemia, low saturation (may occur in isolation)
II.i II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.i - Flash (fulminate) pulmonary edema
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.b IV - Airway involvement
IV.b - Bronchospasm and angioedema
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.e IV - Airway involvement
IV.e - Cough (acute, violent, explosive)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism - The FES embolism syndrome
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea (See also under XIe)
IX.i IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.i - Respiratory arrest - Apnea
IX.p IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.p - Disordered breathing during sleep - Sleep apnea
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.aa X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aa - Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS)
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.x XI - Miscellaneous
XI.x - Addictive risk
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.w XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.w - Asystole
XV.ae XV - Pathology
XV.ae - Path: Lipid/fat embolism (see also VIe)
1