XI.h

Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)

May cause chest pain (See under XIb). Including drug-induced ulcers (PMID 26230070). Boerhaave's syndrome (BS) corresponds to a longitudinal esophageal rupture sometimes vomiting-induced, whcih may lead to bacterial mediastinitis, pneumothorax and/or empyema. BS manifests with mediothoracic chest pain and extraesopageal air on imaging.

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

11

Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation

I.ao I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ao - Pulmonary infiltrates, not specified otherwise
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.z IV - Airway involvement
IV.z - Bronchial wall erosion/hematoma
IV.ah IV - Airway involvement
IV.ah - Bronchopericardial fistula
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
V.n V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.n - Hemopericardium - Bloody pericardial effusion
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.z VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.z - Pulmonary vein stenosis
VI.ac VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ac - Pulmonary infarction
VI.ae VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ae - Pulmonary vein perforation/rupture
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
VIII.j VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.j - Laryngeal disorder: dysphonia, hoarseness
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemi- or bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
IX.n IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.n - Vagal nerve injury
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.k XI - Miscellaneous
XI.k - Esophageal hematoma (may cause chest pain and/or tracheal compression)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.aw XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aw - Postcardiac/-cardiotomy injury (PCIS-Dressler syndrome)
XII.bd XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bd - Perforation of the heart - Cardiac rupture
XII.bg XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bg - Atrio-esophageal fistula
XII.bh XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bh - Atrial septal defect, acquired
XII.bk XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bk - Pulmonary vein thrombosis
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.ah XV - Pathology
XV.ah - Path: Pulmonary congestion
XV.ak XV - Pathology
XV.ak - Path: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD)
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.l XVI - Imaging
XVI.l - Imaging: Peribronchovascular areas of consolidation
XVI.bg XVI - Imaging
XVI.bg - Imaging: Pulmonary vein stenosis
XVI.bo XVI - Imaging
XVI.bo - Imaging: Localized calcification of pulmonary vein or veins
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
1

Ethanol (ethyl alcohol, 'alcohol')

1

Herbals - Dietary botanical therapy - Health products/food - Plants

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.q II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.q - Respiratory distress or failure, not otherwise specified
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
V.u V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.u - Eosinophilic pleuritis
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.w VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.w - Uvulitis, uvular edema
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea (See also under XIe)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.w X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.w - Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome (EMS)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.bi XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bi - Cyanide poisoning
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.h XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.h - Eosinophilic myocarditis
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.r XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.r - Congestive heart failure
XII.w XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.w - Asystole
XII.ah XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ah - Tachycardia
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.z XV - Pathology
XV.z - Path: Obliterative (constrictive) broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
XIX.d XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.d - BAL: Gross or microscopic bleeding/hemorrhage
XXIV.i XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.i - Veterinary: Respiratory/Ventilatory depression
XXIV.j XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.j - Veterinary: Cardiotoxicity
1

Radiation therapy (medium term & late effects)

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.h IV - Airway involvement
IV.h - Large airway necrosis
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
IV.m IV - Airway involvement
IV.m - Bronchial stenosis/stricture
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
V.l V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.l - Malignant pleural mesothelioma
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
V.t V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.t - The apical cap
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.t VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.t - Pulmonary artery aneurysm(s)
VI.ab VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ab - Pulmonary artery stenosis
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.i VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.i - Mediastinitis
VII.j VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.j - Compression of mediastinal structures/organs
VII.l VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.l - Calcification of mediastinal lymph nodes
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.j VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.j - Laryngeal disorder: dysphonia, hoarseness
VIII.r VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
VIII.ab VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ab - Airway (e.g. tracheoesophageal) fistula
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
XI.g XI - Miscellaneous
XI.g - Aspiration, aspiration pneumonia (w/wo demonstrable pharyngeal dysmotility)
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.p XI - Miscellaneous
XI.p - Chest deformity: platythorax
XI.v XI - Miscellaneous
XI.v - Rib fracture
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.ax XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ax - Esophageal stenosis/stricture
XI.bb XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bb - Aorto-esophageal fistula
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.b XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.b - Valvular heart disease and/or dysfunction
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Pericardial thickening - Constrictive pericarditis
XII.o XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.o - Coronary artery disease
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ad XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ad - Effusive-constrictive pericarditis
XII.ak XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ak - Late left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.an XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.an - Pericardial calcification
XII.bc XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bc - Coarctation of the aorta (acquired)
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XIII.d XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.d - Malignant mesothelioma (pleural, pericardial)
XIII.e XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.e - Breast cancer
XIII.j XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.j - Pulmonary synovial sarcoma
XIII.l XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.l - Chondrosarcoma
XIII.m XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.m - Tumor of the heart
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.l XV - Pathology
XV.l - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (not otherwise specified or unclassifiable)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.bi XVI - Imaging
XVI.bi - Imaging: Hyperlucent lung
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
1

Radiation therapy to the chest

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
IV.h IV - Airway involvement
IV.h - Large airway necrosis
IV.m IV - Airway involvement
IV.m - Bronchial stenosis/stricture
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
V.k V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.k - Pleural calcifications
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.x VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.x - Pulmonary lymphangiectasis
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.r VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
VIII.ab VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ab - Airway (e.g. tracheoesophageal) fistula
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemi- or bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.j XI - Miscellaneous
XI.j - Esophageal dysmotility
XI.w XI - Miscellaneous
XI.w - Cavitation/necrosis of lung tumor or metastases
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XII.b XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.b - Valvular heart disease and/or dysfunction
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Pericardial thickening - Constrictive pericarditis
XII.o XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.o - Coronary artery disease
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XIII.e XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.e - Breast cancer
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells) (a.k.a. the "Napoleon Hat" sign)
XV.bm XV - Pathology
XV.bm - Path: Diffuse lymphangiectasis
XVI.bl XVI - Imaging
XVI.bl - Imaging: An area or areas of avid tracer uptake in the lung/chest on 18F-PET scan
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.af XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.af - Reactivation of a prior pulmonary infection (TB, melioidosis)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
1