II.a

Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)

(Fr: OAP non cardiogénique). A.k.a. permeability edema. Typically acute and florid. Less often subaute/benign. PE may complicate drug overdoses. May accompany anaphylactic shock (PMID 29086053). May cause the ARDS picture. Drug-induced pulmonary edema cases generally have an acute or sudden onset, and are noncardiac (normal heart US and wedge pressure when measured) (NCPE). Transient fleeting pulmonary infiltrates were often reported as 'acute allergic pulmonary edema'. Hyperacute PE cases are sometimes called 'flash pulmonary edema' (see under IIi). Severe NCPE cases may exhibit the characteristic of ARDS (PMID 3532567, 15062601, 7555128, 1914570). The diagnosis of NCPE is raised when timing of the reaction is shortly (seconds to minutes) following administration of the causal drug or agent. NCPE is also a feature of anaphylaxis episodes (PMID 24376328). Patients with pulmonary hypertension are prone to the development of vasoldilator-induced NCPE (see under NO and other pulmonary vasodilator drugs). NCPE will generally relapse if the patient is reexposed to the drug. Note: overzealous administration of i.v. fluids or blood to a patient whose cardiocirculatory system cannot accomodate it may cause overload (hydrostatic) pulmonary edema (IIh) or TACO

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

214

Alemtuzumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatous reaction (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.an X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.an - Cytokine release syndrome
XIII.b XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.b - Lymphoproliferative disease (pulmonary, endobronchial, endothoracic)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous pulmonary mycobacterial infection/superinfection
1

Aspirin (Salicylate-ASA) - Aspirin containing drugs

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.m III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.m - Coagulopathy
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax or serosanguineous pleural effusion
VII.b VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.b - Lymphadenopathy with reactive changes
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.y VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.y - Sinonasal discharge, -blockage, -obstruction
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.q X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.q - Systemic inflammatory response
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Noncardiac chest pain (acute or subacute). Lone or prominent
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.as XI - Miscellaneous
XI.as - Pharmacobezoar
XI.az XI - Miscellaneous
XI.az - Sneezing (may cause pulmonary barotrauma)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm (with no evidence for preexisting CAD)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
3

Beta-blockers

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.ab IV - Airway involvement
IV.ab - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting COPD
IV.ac IV - Airway involvement
IV.ac - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting asthma
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
VI.w VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.w - Worsening of preexisting PHTn
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation (See also under XIe)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.y X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.y - Subclinical ANA positivity
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.af XI - Miscellaneous
XI.af - Refractoriness to epineprine in case of anaphylaxis
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm (with no evidence for preexisting CAD)
3