II.b

ARDS - Acute lung injury

(Fr: SDRA sur critères gazométriques PaO2/FIO2). May overlap with Ia. Mechanical ventilation commonly needed. ECMO required in some instances (PMID 29967877). ARDS definition and grading at PMID 22797452. ARDS (and formerly ALI) are defined on the basis of gas exchange abnormalities. Thus, ARDS is not a well-characterized disease entity and may arise in widely disparate clinical scenarios. Pathologically, ARDS may correspond to DAD, pulmonary edema, acute NSIP-like ILD w/wo granulomas, -eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), AFOP, amiodarone pulmonary toxicity, DAH, fat or silicone embolism, AIP, radiation injury, pulmonary fibrosis exacerbated by drugs or surgery (see under specific patterns) and drug- or alcohol-induced aspiration pneumonitis (see under XIg). Appropriate tests and BAL help exclude an infection and separate these entities. Some patients respond to intravenous corticosteroid therapy. Review at PMID 1939859. See also under IL 'Diffuse Alveolar Damage', XIg, XVf and under 'Postoperative ARDS'

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

274

Quinine

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.j II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.j - Transient pulmonary opacities/infiltrates (see also under Iav)
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.m III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.m - Coagulopathy
VIII.b VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.b - Hematoma of/around central airway wall potentially causing UAO
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical or caustic facial and/or airway injury
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRES syndrome - DRESS-like reaction
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may manifest with fever and/or skin, throat or airway involvement)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (pulmonary, extrathoracic or systemic)-ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.af X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.af - Thrombotic microangiopathy
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
1

Radiation therapy (early effects)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ab I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ab - Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI)
I.ac I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ac - Acute radiation pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Constrictive pericarditis - Pericardial thickening
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XVI.bl XVI - Imaging
XVI.bl - Imaging: An area or areas of avid tracer uptake in the lung/chest on 18F-PET scan
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
3

Radiation therapy (medium term & late effects)

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.h IV - Airway involvement
IV.h - Large airway necrosis
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
IV.m IV - Airway involvement
IV.m - Bronchial stenosis/stricture
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
V.l V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.l - Malignant pleural mesothelioma
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
V.t V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.t - The apical cap
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.t VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.t - Pulmonary artery aneurysm(s)
VI.ab VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ab - Pulmonary artery stenosis
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.i VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.i - Mediastinitis
VII.j VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.j - Compression of mediastinal structures/organs
VII.l VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.l - Calcification of mediastinal lymph nodes
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.j VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.j - Laryngeal disorder: dysphonia, hoarseness
VIII.r VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal/large airway necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
VIII.ab VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ab - Airway (e.g. tracheoesophageal) fistula
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
XI.g XI - Miscellaneous
XI.g - Aspiration, aspiration pneumonia (w/wo demonstrable pharyngeal dysmotility)
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.p XI - Miscellaneous
XI.p - Chest deformity: platythorax
XI.v XI - Miscellaneous
XI.v - Rib fracture
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.ax XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ax - Esophageal stenosis/stricture
XI.bb XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bb - Aorto-esophageal fistula
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.b XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.b - Valvular heart disease and/or dysfunction
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Coronary artery disease (acute) - Myocardial ischemia/infarction
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Constrictive pericarditis - Pericardial thickening
XII.o XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.o - Coronary artery disease (subacute, chronic)
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ad XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ad - Effusive-constrictive pericarditis
XII.ak XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ak - Late left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.an XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.an - Pericardial calcification
XII.bc XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bc - Coarctation of the aorta (acquired)
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XIII.d XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.d - Malignant mesothelioma (pleural, pericardial)
XIII.e XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.e - Breast cancer
XIII.j XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.j - Pulmonary synovial sarcoma
XIII.l XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.l - Chondrosarcoma
XIII.m XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.m - Tumor of the heart
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.l XV - Pathology
XV.l - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (not otherwise specified or unclassifiable)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating/cavitary lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.bi XVI - Imaging
XVI.bi - Imaging: Hyperlucent lung
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
2

Radiation therapy to the chest

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
IV.h IV - Airway involvement
IV.h - Large airway necrosis
IV.m IV - Airway involvement
IV.m - Bronchial stenosis/stricture
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
V.k V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.k - Pleural calcifications
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.x VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.x - Pulmonary lymphangiectasis
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.r VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal/large airway necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
VIII.ab VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ab - Airway (e.g. tracheoesophageal) fistula
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemi- or bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.j XI - Miscellaneous
XI.j - Esophageal dysmotility
XI.w XI - Miscellaneous
XI.w - Cavitation/necrosis of lung tumor or metastases
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XII.b XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.b - Valvular heart disease and/or dysfunction
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Constrictive pericarditis - Pericardial thickening
XII.o XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.o - Coronary artery disease (subacute, chronic)
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XIII.e XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.e - Breast cancer
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells) (a.k.a. the "Napoleon Hat" sign)
XV.bm XV - Pathology
XV.bm - Path: Diffuse lymphangiectasis
XVI.bl XVI - Imaging
XVI.bl - Imaging: An area or areas of avid tracer uptake in the lung/chest on 18F-PET scan
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.af XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.af - Reactivation of a prior pulmonary infection (TB, melioidosis)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
3

Radiocontrast media (RCM)

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.h II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.h - Overload pulmonary edema (including posttransfusional (TACO))
II.i II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.i - Flash (fulminate) pulmonary edema
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.b IV - Airway involvement
IV.b - Bronchospasm and angioedema
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe or catastrophic bronchospasm or asthma attack (can be fatal)
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism - The FES embolism syndrome
VI.aa VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.aa - Lipiodol pulmonary embolism
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may manifest with fever and/or skin, throat or airway involvement)
X.n X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.n - Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)
X.ap X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ap - Delayed anaphylaxis
XVIII.h XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.h - Eye-catcher: Lipiodol embolism
1

Rituximab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.i II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.i - Flash (fulminate) pulmonary edema
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe or catastrophic bronchospasm or asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.j IV - Airway involvement
IV.j - Bronchiolitis (a clinical-imaging pattern suggestive of)
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VIII.x VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.x - Opportunistic large airway infection (bacterial, fungal, viral)
IX.t IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.t - CNS involvement/dysfunction/damage
IX.ab IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.ab - Guillain-Barré (or GB-like) syndrome (w/wo ARF)
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may manifest with fever and/or skin, throat or airway involvement)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.n X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.n - Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary, extrapulmonary, systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ao X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ao - Flare of preexisting vasculitis
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Coronary artery disease (acute) - Myocardial ischemia/infarction
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.j XV - Pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, pulmonary, extrapulmonary or disseminated). Reactivation or de novo
XVII.m XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.m - Fungal airway infection
XVII.q XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.q - Viral pneumonia
XVII.w XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.w - Hypogammaglobulinemia - Antibody deficiency
XXI.c XXI - Rechallenge data
XXI.c - Tolerance can be induced successfully starting with minute dosage
2

Silicone, fluid (From injected liquid silicone or leaking implants)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - An area or areas of consolidation
I.al I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.al - Silicone pneumonitis - 'Silicone lung'
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
VI.m VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.m - Silicone pulmonary embolism (SE) - SE syndrome
VII.k VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.k - Mediastinal silicone infiltration/siliconoma
VIII.k VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.k - Submucosal airway petechiae/hemorrhage
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.aa XI - Miscellaneous
XI.aa - CNS symptoms or involvement, stroke
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.l XV - Pathology
XV.l - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (not otherwise specified or unclassifiable)
XV.bn XV - Pathology
XV.bn - Path: Silicone droplets/vacuoles in lung tissue, pulmonary vasculature, or lymph nodes
XV.bo XV - Pathology
XV.bo - Path: Siliconoma
XV.cw XV - Pathology
XV.cw - Path: Silicone pulmonary embolism
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.ax XVI - Imaging
XVI.ax - Imaging: Foreign body pulmonary embolism
XVI.bh XVI - Imaging
XVI.bh - Imaging: F18-PET scan positive lympadenopathy
XVI.bh XVI - Imaging
XVI.bh - Imaging: F18-PET scan positive lympadenopathy
XIX.d XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.d - BAL: Gross or microscopic bleeding/hemorrhage
XIX.l XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.l - BAL: Silicone globules in macrophages
2

Sirolimus

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.n I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.n - Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.l IV - Airway involvement
IV.l - Bronchial stump dehiscence
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VI.f VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.f - Hemolytic and uremic syndrome (HUS). See also under Xaf
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.m XV - Pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia (including nodular-) - A LIP-pattern
XV.n XV - Pathology
XV.n - Path: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis pattern (PAP pattern)
XV.ac XV - Pathology
XV.ac - Path: Pulmonary vasculitis other than capillaritis
XV.bf XV - Pathology
XV.bf - Path: Pulmonary necrotizing granuloma or granulomas
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
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