II.b

ARDS - Acute lung injury

(Fr: SDRA sur critères gazométriques PaO2/FIO2). May overlap with Ia. Mechanical ventilation commonly needed. ECMO required in some instances (PMID 29967877). ARDS definition and grading at PMID 22797452. ARDS (and formerly ALI) are defined on the basis of gas exchange abnormalities. Thus, ARDS is not a well-characterized disease entity and may arise in widely disparate clinical scenarios. Pathologically, ARDS may correspond to DAD, pulmonary edema, acute NSIP-like ILD w/wo granulomas, -eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), AFOP, amiodarone pulmonary toxicity, DAH, fat or silicone embolism, AIP, radiation injury, pulmonary fibrosis exacerbated by drugs or surgery (see under specific patterns) and drug- or alcohol-induced aspiration pneumonitis (see under XIg). Appropriate tests and BAL help exclude an infection and separate these entities. Some patients respond to intravenous corticosteroid therapy. Review at PMID 1939859. See also under IL 'Diffuse Alveolar Damage', XIg, XVf and under 'Postoperative ARDS'

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

274

Talc (inhaled, sniffed, i.v., intrapleural)

I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.t I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.t - Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis...)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.f II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.f - Hypoxemia, low oxygen saturation (may occur in isolation)
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.i IV - Airway involvement
IV.i - Foreign body aspiration bronchiolitis
IV.m IV - Airway involvement
IV.m - Bronchial stenosis/stricture
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.r V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.r - Pleural mass or masses
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.g VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.g - Foreign body pulmonary vasculopathy (Excipient lung disease)
VII.f VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.f - An enlarged or dense thymus
VII.n VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.n - Mediastinal talcoma
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.u XI - Miscellaneous
XI.u - Chest pressure/discomfort
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.q XV - Pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/granulomatous reaction
XV.s XV - Pathology
XV.s - Path: Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis, talcoma)
XV.ag XV - Pathology
XV.ag - Path: Foreign body embolism, microangiopathy, vasculopathy
XVI.w XVI - Imaging
XVI.w - Imaging: Lung nodule or nodules
XVI.ae XVI - Imaging
XVI.ae - Imaging: A pattern similar to pneumoconiotic progressive massive fibrosis (PMF)
XVI.bm XVI - Imaging
XVI.bm - Imaging: Avid pleural uptake on PET-scan
XVIII.i XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.i - Eye-catcher: Tracer-avid pleural area or areas on PET-CT
XIX.k XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.k - BAL: Talc crystals in macrophages or lying free in BALF
2

Transhepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE)

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - An area or areas of consolidation
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism - The FES embolism syndrome
VI.v VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.v - Foreign body/substance pulmonary embolism
VI.aa VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.aa - Lipiodol pulmonary embolism
XI.aa XI - Miscellaneous
XI.aa - CNS symptoms or involvement, stroke
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XVI.s XVI - Imaging
XVI.s - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with high attenuation numbers or metallic density
XVIII.h XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.h - Eye-catcher: Lipiodol embolism
3

Vedolizumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
VIII.aq VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.aq - Bronchorrhea
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may manifest with fever and/or skin, throat or airway involvement)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.cn XV - Pathology
XV.cn - Path: Pulmonary necrotizing granuloma with neutrophilic microabscesses
XVI.g XVI - Imaging
XVI.g - Imaging: Diffuse whiteout/alveolar shadowing (see also under IIb-ARDS)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.v XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.v - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection (w/wo DAH)
1