II.b

ARDS - Acute lung injury

(Fr: SDRA sur critères gazométriques PaO2/FIO2). May overlap with Ia. Mechanical ventilation commonly needed. ECMO required in some instances (PMID 29967877). ARDS definition and grading at PMID 22797452. ARDS (and formerly ALI) are defined on the basis of gas exchange abnormalities. Thus, ARDS is not a well-characterized disease entity and may arise in widely disparate clinical scenarios. Pathologically, ARDS may correspond to DAD, pulmonary edema, acute NSIP-like ILD w/wo granulomas, -eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), AFOP, amiodarone pulmonary toxicity, DAH, fat or silicone embolism, AIP, radiation injury, pulmonary fibrosis exacerbated by drugs or surgery (see under specific patterns) and drug- or alcohol-induced aspiration pneumonitis (see under XIg). Appropriate tests and BAL help exclude an infection and separate these entities. Some patients respond to intravenous corticosteroid therapy. Review at PMID 1939859. See also under IL 'Diffuse Alveolar Damage', XIg, XVf and under 'Postoperative ARDS'

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

274

Paclitaxel

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.j II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.j - Transient pulmonary opacities/infiltrates (see also under Iav)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may manifest with fever and/or skin, throat or airway involvement)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Coronary artery disease (acute) - Myocardial ischemia/infarction
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
1

Paraffin-Vaseline-Oil-Lipids (Mineral or other) p.o./inhaled/aspirated

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - An area or areas of consolidation
I.ap I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ap - Paraffinoma - Lipidoma (ELP in the form of a nodule or mass)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.w IV - Airway involvement
IV.w - Plugs/casts in the airways
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity-Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.p XV - Pathology
XV.p - Path: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
XV.q XV - Pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/granulomatous reaction
XVI.a XVI - Imaging
XVI.a - Imaging: Diffuse haze
XVI.f XVI - Imaging
XVI.f - Imaging: Bibasilar opacities/shadowing
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVI.r XVI - Imaging
XVI.r - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with low attenuation numbers
XVI.w XVI - Imaging
XVI.w - Imaging: Lung nodule or nodules
XVI.z XVI - Imaging
XVI.z - Imaging: A large nodule or a mass
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating/cavitary lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.az XVI - Imaging
XVI.az - Imaging: Solitary pulmonary nodule
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous pulmonary mycobacterial infection/superinfection
XVIII.r XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.r - Eye catcher: A milky, cloudy or lumpy BAL fluid
XIX.h XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.h - BAL: Exogenous (oil red O-stainable) lipids in BAL macrophages
XIX.j XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.j - BAL: Free exogenous lipids in supernatant
XXIV.f XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.f - Veterinary: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
1

Paraquat

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.c II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.c - ARDS and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVI.q XVI - Imaging
XVI.q - Imaging: A pattern similar/consistent to/with IPF
XXIV.n XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.n - Veterinary: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
4

Pembrolizumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.j IV - Airway involvement
IV.j - Bronchiolitis (a clinical-imaging pattern suggestive of)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Sptutum production - Bronchorrhea - 'Bronchitis'
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
IV.ac IV - Airway involvement
IV.ac - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting asthma
IV.ad IV - Airway involvement
IV.ad - Large airway inflammation
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis - Myasthenic-like syndrome
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may manifest with fever and/or skin, throat or airway involvement)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (pulmonary, extrathoracic or systemic)-ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary, extrapulmonary, systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ah X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ah - Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (typically +ANCA) - GPA flare
X.an X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.an - Cytokine release syndrome - Cytokine storm
X.aw X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aw - Connective tissue disease
X.ax X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ax - Scleroderma
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XV.cw XV - Pathology
XV.cw - Path: Myocardial vasculitis
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.z XVI - Imaging
XVI.z - Imaging: A large nodule or a mass
XVI.ai XVI - Imaging
XVI.ai - Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, pulmonary, extrapulmonary or disseminated). Reactivation or de novo
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
1

Pemetrexed

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
V.i V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.i - Pleuritis (may cause acute chest pain)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.af X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.af - Thrombotic microangiopathy
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Coronary artery disease (acute) - Myocardial ischemia/infarction
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
1

Penicillamine

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.d III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (ANCA-positive/-related)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis - Myasthenic-like syndrome
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity-Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary, extrapulmonary, systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
XI.t XI - Miscellaneous
XI.t - Yellow nail syndrome
XV.z XV - Pathology
XV.z - Path: Obliterative (constrictive) bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVn)
XVII.w XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.w - Hypogammaglobulinemia - Antibody deficiency
1

Phenytoin (diphenylhydantoin)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD) diffuse, severe. W/wo the features of ARDS
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.b VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.b - Lymphadenopathy with reactive changes
VII.m VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.m - Malignant lymphoma
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRES syndrome - DRESS-like reaction
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (pulmonary, extrathoracic or systemic)-ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.ab XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ab - Gingival hypertrophy
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.x XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.x - Sinus arrest
XII.as XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.as - Giant cell myocarditis
XIII.b XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.b - Lymphoproliferative disease (pulmonary, endobronchial, endothoracic)
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.m XV - Pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia (including nodular-) - A LIP-pattern
XV.ab XV - Pathology
XV.ab - Path: Pulmonary capillaritis
XV.ac XV - Pathology
XV.ac - Path: Pulmonary vasculitis other than capillaritis
XV.af XV - Pathology
XV.af - Path: Granulomatous pulmonary vasculitis
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
1

Propofol

II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.f II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.f - Hypoxemia, low oxygen saturation (may occur in isolation)
II.i II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.i - Flash (fulminate) pulmonary edema
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.b IV - Airway involvement
IV.b - Bronchospasm and angioedema
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.e IV - Airway involvement
IV.e - Cough (acute, violent, explosive)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe or catastrophic bronchospasm or asthma attack (can be fatal)
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism - The FES embolism syndrome
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl. pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure, injury
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea
IX.i IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.i - Respiratory arrest - Apnea
IX.p IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.p - Disordered breathing during sleep - Sleep apnea
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.aa X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aa - Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS)
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.x XI - Miscellaneous
XI.x - Addictive risk
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock - Hypotension
XII.w XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.w - Asystole
XV.ae XV - Pathology
XV.ae - Path: Lipid/fat embolism (see also VIe)
XXIV.h XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.h - Veterinary: Anaphylaxis/Anaphylactoid reaction
1

Propylthiouracil (PTU)

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD). Acute, subacute, or chronic
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.d III - Pulmonary/alveolar./airway hemorrhage/bleeding
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (ANCA-positive/-related)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.r IV - Airway involvement
IV.r - Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
V.u V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.u - Eosinophilic pleuritis
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity-Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (pulmonary, extrathoracic or systemic)-ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary, extrapulmonary, systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.x X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ak X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ak - Dual MPO-/PR3-ANCA systemic disease/vasculitis
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.an XV - Pathology
XV.an - Path: Eosinophilic pleuritis
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