XVI.ai

Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern

See PMID 22343402 & 23948769. Careful consideration of diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis is indicated (PMID 25972969)

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

6

Nivolumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
I.aj I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aj - Shrinking lung syndrome
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
III.g III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.g - Bleeding/hemorrhage from/around preexisting lung tumor (Localized AH)
III.j III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.j - Anti-GBM-related pneumorenal syndrome and DAH (Goodpasture) or flare of
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea (See also under XIe)
IX.h IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.h - Dyspnea, unexplained otherwise
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
IX.y IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.y - A flare or relapse of preexisting myasthenia gravis
IX.ab IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.ab - Guillain-Barré (or GB-like) syndrome (w/wo ARF)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ay X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ay - Polymyalgia rheumatica
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.av XI - Miscellaneous
XI.av - Deterioration of graft function in SOT recipients
XI.ax XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ax - Esophageal stenosis/stricture
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XII.ax XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ax - Necrotizing myocarditis (w/o evidence for CAD)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVI.ai XVI - Imaging
XVI.ai - Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.aj XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.aj - Bordetella bronchiseptica pulmonary infection
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
1

Pembrolizumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.j IV - Airway involvement
IV.j - Bronchiolitis (a clinical-imaging pattern suggestive of)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Sptutum production - Bronchorrhea - 'Bronchitis'
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
IV.ac IV - Airway involvement
IV.ac - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting asthma
IV.ad IV - Airway involvement
IV.ad - Large airway inflammation
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.aw X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aw - Connective tissue disease
X.ax X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ax - Scleroderma
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.z XVI - Imaging
XVI.z - Imaging: A large nodule or a mass
XVI.ai XVI - Imaging
XVI.ai - Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
1