XVII.a

Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection

This broad term includes infectious pneumonia (bacterial (e.g. pneumococcal) and necrotizing) and  respiratory tract infections. Risk factors other than drugs include a background of connective tissue disease, mainly RA (PMID 24130229). In epidemiologic studies, there are variations in the definition of the term 'Pneumonia' and URTI. Should be separated from drug-induced and iatrogenic BOOP and consolidation

Last update : 07/05/2018
 

Causative drugs

40

Abused drugs/substances (illicit-, street drugs - IV/inhaled)

I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.t I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.t - Pneumoconiosis, talcosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.g IV - Airway involvement
IV.g - Syncope - Cough syncope
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.q V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.q - Empyema
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.g VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.g - Foreign body vasculopathy (Excipient lung disease)
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VI.j VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.j - Mercury pulmonary embolism
VI.r VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.r - Septic pulmonary embolism
VI.t VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.t - Pulmonary artery aneurysm(s)
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.c VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.d VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical, or caustic facial and/or airway injury
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.s IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.s - Botulism - Wound botulism
X.u X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ac X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like) or flare of
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute - subacute)
XI.g XI - Miscellaneous
XI.g - Aspiration, aspiration pneumonia (w/wo demonstrable pharyngeal dysmotility)
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XII.i XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.i - Endocarditis (infective)
XII.v XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.v - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
XV.q XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/reaction
XV.s XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.s - Path: Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis, talcoma)
XV.ag XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ag - Path: Foreign body embolism, microangiopathy, vasculopathy
XV.al XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.al - Path: Pulmonary hypertension incl. angiomatoid vasculopathy
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Diffuse centrilobular micronodules
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.ae XVI - Imaging
XVI.ae - Imaging: A pattern similar to progressive massive fibrosis (PMF)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.p XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.p - Lung abscess/abscesses (see also VIr)
XVII.s XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.s - Sternoclavicular septic arthritis
XVII.u XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.u - Epidural abscess
2

Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation

II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.h III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.l - Lobar alveolar hemorrhage
IV.z IV - Airway involvement
IV.z - Bronchial wall erosion/hematoma
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
V.n V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.n - Hemopericardium - Bloody pericardial effusion
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.z VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.z - Pulmonary vein stenosis
VI.ac VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.ac - Pulmonary infarction
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.h VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
VIII.j VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.j - Laryngeal disorder: dysphonia, hoarseness
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemidiaphragmatic paralysis
IX.n IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.n - Vagal nerve injury
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute - subacute)
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal tear/rupture/fistula
XI.k XI - Miscellaneous
XI.k - Esophageal hematoma (may cause chest pain and/or tracheal compression)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericarditis, pericardial effusion, tamponade
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm
XV.g XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.ah XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ah - Path: Pulmonary congestion
XV.ak XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ak - Path: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD)
XVI.l XVI - Imaging
XVI.l - Imaging: Peribronchovascular areas of consolidation
XVI.bg XVI - Imaging
XVI.bg - Imaging: Pulmonary vein stenosis
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
1

Corticosteroids, systemic (oral, parenteral)

I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thromboembolism
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism
VI.ad VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.ad - Right ventricular outflow tract compression
VII.c VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.c - Mediastinal lipomatosis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VII.j VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.j - Compression of mediastinal structures/organs
VIII.g VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.g - Tracheal narrowing - Sabre sheath trachea
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.f IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.f - Hiccup
IX.m IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.m - Epidural thoracic lipomatosis
IX.v IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.v - Myopathy/muscle weakness or paralysis
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.n X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.n - Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)
X.as X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.as - Scleroderma renal crisis
X.av X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.av - Hypogammaglobulinemia-Antibody deficiency (see under XVIIw)
XI.v XI - Miscellaneous
XI.v - Rib fracture
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.ai XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ai - Cushing syndrome
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.v XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.v - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
XVI.at XVI - Imaging
XVI.at - Imaging: Subpleural fat deposits
XVI.au XVI - Imaging
XVI.au - Imaging: Mediastinal fatty deposits
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary
XVII.d XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.d - Pneumocystis jiroveci pulmonary colonization
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.j XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.j - Mucormycosis (pulmonary, tracheobronchial or systemic)
XVII.m XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.m - Fungal airway infection
XVII.o XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.o - Nocardia pulmonary infection
XVII.r XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.r - Fungal infection (pulmonary/extrapulmonary)
XVII.v XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.v - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection (w/wo DAH)
XVII.w XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.w - Hypogammaglobulinemia - Antibody deficiency
XVII.ai XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ai - A falsely negative/indeterminate IGRA test result
1

E-cigarette, electronic cigarette, electronic vaporizers/nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Subclinical changes in lung function/PFT
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchorrhea
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.d VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical, or caustic facial and/or airway injury
X.aq X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aq - Relapse or flare of preexisting ulcerative colitis
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ac XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ac - Thermal skin/dermal injury
XII.ag XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ag - Bradycardia
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.x XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute or subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.y XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.y - Path: Respiratory bronchiolitis (RB-ILD-pattern)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XIX.n XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.n - Cytology: Brown-pigmented macrophages
1

Etanercept

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.q I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.q - Nodules in lung parenchyma (a.k.a. nodulosis)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD or pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thromboembolism
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VIII.a VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO & asphyxia)
IX.q IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.q - Obstructive sleep apneas
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.j X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myositis/polymyositis/DPM/rhabdomyolysis/myopathy
X.k X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like, granulomatous thoracic and/or extrathoracic reaction
X.m X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Pulmonary and/or systemic vasculitis (ANCA status MPO, unknown or negative)
X.s X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Pulmonary/systemic vasculitis/polyangiitis (ANCA-positive)
X.ar X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ar - Relapse/flare/onset of Crohn's disease
XI.ad XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ad - Granulomas on tattoo edges
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XV.a XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.ba XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ba - Path: Granulomatous lymphadenopathy
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.f XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.f - Tuberculosis, miliary
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection
XVII.ab XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ab - Protozoan infection (incl. leishmaniasis)
1