IV.n

Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)

(Fr: Sd obstructif isolé). Can be subclinical, acute or chronic. See also under obliterative bronchiolitis

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

21

Chemicals

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.af I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.af - Chemical (toxic) pneumonitis
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.q IV - Airway involvement
IV.q - Reactive airway dysfunction syndrome (RADS)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
XI.s XI - Miscellaneous
XI.s - Sniffing death - Death from inhalation of compound
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XIV.b XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.b - Sulfhemoglobinemia
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVII.p XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.p - Lung abscess/abscesses (see also VIr)
2

E-cigarette - e-vaporizers-ENDS-Vaping-Dabbing

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.aw I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aw - Persistent reduction in diffusing capacity for CO upon resolution of the adverse effect
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.u II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.u - Acute respiratory failure (ARDS, pulmonary edema, severe bronchospasm) requiring ECMO
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Sptutum production - Bronchorrhea - 'Bronchitis'
IV.v IV - Airway involvement
IV.v - Deterioration/exacerbation of preexisting asthma or COPD
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical or caustic facial and/or airway injury
VIII.al VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.al - Epiglottitis
VIII.an VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.an - Facial/labial/buccal/oral/dental trauma
IX.h IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.h - Dyspnea, unexplained otherwise
IX.af IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.af - Seizures
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.aq X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aq - Relapse or flare of preexisting ulcerative colitis
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ac XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ac - Thermal skin/dermal injury
XI.ay XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ay - Chest tightness
XI.bc XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bc - Polycythemia
XI.bd XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bd - Nicotine poisoning
XI.be XI - Miscellaneous
XI.be - Burns
XII.ag XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ag - Bradycardia
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.p XV - Pathology
XV.p - Path: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.y XV - Pathology
XV.y - Path: Respiratory bronchiolitis (w/wo the RB-ILD-pattern)
XV.ab XV - Pathology
XV.ab - Path: Pulmonary capillaritis
XV.bi XV - Pathology
XV.bi - Path: Giant-cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP)-pattern
XVI.a XVI - Imaging
XVI.a - Imaging: Diffuse haze
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.d XVI - Imaging
XVI.d - Imaging: Alveolar opacities or haze with a batwing or butterfly distribution
XVI.g XVI - Imaging
XVI.g - Imaging: Diffuse whiteout/alveolar shadowing (see also under IIb-ARDS)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
XIX.d XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.d - BAL: Gross or microscopic bleeding/hemorrhage
XIX.f XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages
XIX.i XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.i - BAL: Oil red O-stainable material in BAL macrophages othen than exogenous lipids
XIX.n XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.n - BAL: Brown-pigmented macrophages
1

Fluorouracil (5-FU)

I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.w XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.w - Asystole
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XV.z XV - Pathology
XV.z - Path: Obliterative (constrictive) broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
1

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) - ICI combinatorial Rx

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.aa I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aa - Delayed ILD, -pneumonitis, -fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
I.aj I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aj - Shrinking lung syndrome
I.ax I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ax - Chronic pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
III.m III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.m - Coagulopathy
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
IX.ab IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.ab - Guillain-Barré (or GB-like) syndrome (w/wo ARF)
IX.ac IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.ac - Myositis of the respiratory muscles (May lead to respiratory muscle paralysis)
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.am X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.am - Immune-related adverse effect/toxicity
X.aw X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aw - Connective tissue disease
X.ay X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ay - Polymyalgia rheumatica
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XI.y XI - Miscellaneous
XI.y - Adrenal suppression
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.au XI - Miscellaneous
XI.au - Graft vs. host disease in transplant recipients
XI.av XI - Miscellaneous
XI.av - Deterioration of graft function in SOT recipients
XI.ba XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ba - Nonrespiratory AE of interest
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XII.ax XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ax - Necrotizing myocarditis (w/o evidence for CAD)
XII.ba XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ba - Sudden cardiac death
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.l XV - Pathology
XV.l - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (not otherwise specified or unclassifiable)
XV.v XV - Pathology
XV.v - Path: Micronodular organizing pneumonia/BOOP
XV.ba XV - Pathology
XV.ba - Path: Granulomatous lymphadenopathy
XV.co XV - Pathology
XV.co - Path: Foamy inclusions in alveolar macrophages and/or in other lung cells
XV.cp XV - Pathology
XV.cp - Path: Pneumocyte vacuolization
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.r XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.r - Fungal infection (pulmonary/extrapulmonary)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
1

Nivolumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
I.aj I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aj - Shrinking lung syndrome
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
III.g III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.g - Bleeding/hemorrhage from/around preexisting lung tumor (Localized AH)
III.j III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.j - Anti-GBM-related pneumorenal syndrome and DAH (Goodpasture) or flare of
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea (See also under XIe)
IX.h IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.h - Dyspnea, unexplained otherwise
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
IX.y IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.y - A flare or relapse of preexisting myasthenia gravis
IX.ab IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.ab - Guillain-Barré (or GB-like) syndrome (w/wo ARF)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ay X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ay - Polymyalgia rheumatica
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.av XI - Miscellaneous
XI.av - Deterioration of graft function in SOT recipients
XI.ax XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ax - Esophageal stenosis/stricture
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XII.ax XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ax - Necrotizing myocarditis (w/o evidence for CAD)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVI.ai XVI - Imaging
XVI.ai - Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.aj XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.aj - Bordetella bronchiseptica pulmonary infection
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
1

Pembrolizumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.j IV - Airway involvement
IV.j - Bronchiolitis (a clinical-imaging pattern suggestive of)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Sptutum production - Bronchorrhea - 'Bronchitis'
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
IV.ac IV - Airway involvement
IV.ac - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting asthma
IV.ad IV - Airway involvement
IV.ad - Large airway inflammation
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paresis/paralysis
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.aw X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aw - Connective tissue disease
X.ax X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ax - Scleroderma
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Centrilobular micronodules (can be diffuse)
XVI.z XVI - Imaging
XVI.z - Imaging: A large nodule or a mass
XVI.ai XVI - Imaging
XVI.ai - Imaging: A 'tree-in-bud' pattern
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
1

Penicillamine

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.d III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (ANCA-positive/-related)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (a pattern consistent with) (see also IVn, XVx)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
XI.t XI - Miscellaneous
XI.t - Yellow nail syndrome
XV.z XV - Pathology
XV.z - Path: Obliterative (constrictive) broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
XVII.w XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.w - Hypogammaglobulinemia - Antibody deficiency
2

Phenytoin (diphenylhydantoin)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.b VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.b - Lymphadenopathy with reactive changes
VII.m VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.m - Malignant lymphoma
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.ab XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ab - Gingival hypertrophy
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.x XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.x - Sinus arrest
XII.as XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.as - Giant cell myocarditis
XIII.b XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.b - Lymphoproliferative disease (pulmonary, endobronchial, endothoracic)
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.m XV - Pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia - LIP-pattern
XV.ab XV - Pathology
XV.ab - Path: Pulmonary capillaritis
XV.ac XV - Pathology
XV.ac - Path: Pulmonary vasculitis other than capillaritis
XV.af XV - Pathology
XV.af - Path: Granulomatous pulmonary vasculitis
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
1

Tobacco smoke - Cigarette smoking

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.r I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.r - An imaging pattern consistent with DIP
I.ai I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ai - Pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema syndrome
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.g IV - Airway involvement
IV.g - Syncope - Cough syncope
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IX.q IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.q - Obstructive sleep apnea
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.x X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ah X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ah - Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (typically +ANCA). Or flare of preexisting GPA
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.ah XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ah - Fainting - Syncope
XI.an XI - Miscellaneous
XI.an - Disrupted lung surfactant function
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XIV.c XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.c - Carboxyhemoglobinemia
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.y XV - Pathology
XV.y - Path: Respiratory bronchiolitis (w/wo the RB-ILD-pattern)
XV.z XV - Pathology
XV.z - Path: Obliterative (constrictive) broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
XV.ay XV - Pathology
XV.ay - Path: Smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF). Respiratory bronchiolitis with fibrosis
XV.bw XV - Pathology
XV.bw - Path: Airspace enlargement with fibrosis
XVI.g XVI - Imaging
XVI.g - Imaging: Diffuse whiteout/alveolar shadowing (see also under IIb-ARDS)
XVI.p XVI - Imaging
XVI.p - Imaging: Small irregular opacities - ILA - Diffuse reticulation - 'Dirty lung'
XVI.ac XVI - Imaging
XVI.ac - Imaging: A generalized increase in lung density
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
5