III.c

Hemoptysis

(Fr: hémoptysie isolée). Lone hemoptysis. Hemoptysis presumed to be drug-induced may disclose an underlying airway or pulmonary benign or malignant condition. Hemoptysis is a classic, though inconsistent manifestation of underlying diffuse alveolar hemorrhage or DAH (see under IIIa). Certain drugs do increase the risk of post-procedural (e.g. TBLB, maybe also cryobiopsy) bleeding and need to be withdrawn prior to the procedure

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

36

Amiodarone

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.aa I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aa - Delayed ILD, -pneumonitis, -fibrosis
I.at I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.at - Amiodarone pulmonary toxicity - Amiodarone lung
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.l II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.l - Postoperative ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.r IV - Airway involvement
IV.r - Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.t V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.t - The apical cap
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea (See also under XIe)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XI.f XI - Miscellaneous
XI.f - Pseudocyanotic skin discoloration (see also XIa, XIVa, XIVb)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.p XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.p - QT prolongation
XII.t XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.t - Torsades de pointe
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.au XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.au - Heart failure (thyrotoxicosis-, thyroid storm-mediated)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells) (a.k.a. the "Napoleon Hat" sign)
XV.j XV - Pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.m XV - Pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia - LIP-pattern
XV.o XV - Pathology
XV.o - Path: Endogenous lipoid pneumonia (phospholipidosis)
XV.r XV - Pathology
XV.r - Path: Smudged geographic necrosis
XV.ao XV - Pathology
XV.ao - Path: Pleuritis, pleural fibrosis
XV.bt XV - Pathology
XV.bt - Path: Histiocytic proliferation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVI.s XVI - Imaging
XVI.s - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with high attenuation numbers or metallic density
XVI.w XVI - Imaging
XVI.w - Imaging: Lung nodule or nodules
XVI.aa XVI - Imaging
XVI.aa - Imaging: Nodules, mass or masses with a central area of low attenuation (see also under XVIaa)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.az XVI - Imaging
XVI.az - Imaging: Solitary pulmonary nodule
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
XVI.bq XVI - Imaging
XVI.bq - Imaging: A pattern consistent with pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVIII.b XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.b - Eye catcher: Electron-dense area or areas of consolidation on unenhanced chest CT
XVIII.k XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.k - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense liver on unenhanced CT
XVIII.p XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.p - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense ('white') thyroid
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
XIX.e XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.e - BAL: Stainable iron in macrophages
XIX.f XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages
XIX.m XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.m - BAL: A normal cell differential
XIX.p XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.p - BAL: Lamellar bodies in AM on EM
1

Anticoagulants, oral (vitamin K antagonists-VKA)

III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.e III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.e - Pulmonary hematoma
III.k III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.k - Epistaxis
IV.af IV - Airway involvement
IV.af - Calcification of tracheobronchial cartilaginous rings
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
V.n V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.n - Hemopericardium - Bloody pericardial effusion
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.b VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.b - Hematoma of/around the airway wall potentially causing UAO
VIII.q VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.q - Tongue involvement (edema, hematoma)
VIII.u VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.u - Vocal cord hematoma
VIII.v VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.v - Retropharyngeal hematoma
IX.x IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.x - Thoracic epidural or spinal hematoma
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
XI.k XI - Miscellaneous
XI.k - Esophageal hematoma (may cause chest pain and/or tracheal compression)
XI.am XI - Miscellaneous
XI.am - Rectus abdominis hematoma
XII.ar XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ar - Calcification of the coronary artery walls or atheroma
XIX.d XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.d - BAL: Gross or microscopic bleeding/hemorrhage
XIX.e XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.e - BAL: Stainable iron in macrophages
XXIV.e XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.e - Veterinary: Tracheal hemorrhage, stenosis, collapse
2

Aspirin (Salicylate-ASA) - Aspirin containing drugs

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.m III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.m - Coagulopathy
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
VII.b VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.b - Lymphadenopathy with reactive changes
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.y VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.y - Sinonasal discharge, -blockage, -obstruction
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.q X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.q - Systemic inflammatory response
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.as XI - Miscellaneous
XI.as - Pharmacobezoar
XI.az XI - Miscellaneous
XI.az - Sneezing (may cause pulmonary barotrauma)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
1

Bevacizumab

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.g III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.g - Bleeding/hemorrhage from/around preexisting lung tumor (Localized AH)
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.k III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.k - Epistaxis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VIII.o VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.o - Perforation of the nasal septum
VIII.r VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.ab VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ab - Airway (e.g. tracheoesophageal) fistula
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
XI.w XI - Miscellaneous
XI.w - Cavitation/necrosis of lung tumor or metastases
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XII.aj XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aj - Systemic arterial thrombosis
XII.at XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.at - Aortitis
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVI.bf XVI - Imaging
XVI.bf - Imaging: Tumoral cavitation
1

Cannabinoids - Cannabinoid receptor agonists (synthetic)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.b VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.b - Hematoma of/around the airway wall potentially causing UAO
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation-Bradypnea (See also under XIe)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ba X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ba - Rhabdomyolysis (see also under Xj)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.aa XI - Miscellaneous
XI.aa - CNS symptoms or involvement, stroke
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.aj XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aj - Systemic arterial thrombosis
1

Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation

I.ao I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ao - Pulmonary infiltrates, not specified otherwise
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.z IV - Airway involvement
IV.z - Bronchial wall erosion/hematoma
IV.ah IV - Airway involvement
IV.ah - Bronchopericardial fistula
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
V.n V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.n - Hemopericardium - Bloody pericardial effusion
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.z VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.z - Pulmonary vein stenosis
VI.ac VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ac - Pulmonary infarction
VI.ae VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ae - Pulmonary vein perforation/rupture
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
VIII.j VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.j - Laryngeal disorder: dysphonia, hoarseness
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemi- or bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
IX.n IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.n - Vagal nerve injury
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.k XI - Miscellaneous
XI.k - Esophageal hematoma (may cause chest pain and/or tracheal compression)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.aw XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aw - Postcardiac/-cardiotomy injury (PCIS-Dressler syndrome)
XII.bd XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bd - Perforation of the heart - Cardiac rupture
XII.bg XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bg - Atrio-esophageal fistula
XII.bh XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bh - Atrial septal defect, acquired
XII.bk XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bk - Pulmonary vein thrombosis
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.ah XV - Pathology
XV.ah - Path: Pulmonary congestion
XV.ak XV - Pathology
XV.ak - Path: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD)
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.l XVI - Imaging
XVI.l - Imaging: Peribronchovascular areas of consolidation
XVI.bg XVI - Imaging
XVI.bg - Imaging: Pulmonary vein stenosis
XVI.bo XVI - Imaging
XVI.bo - Imaging: Localized calcification of pulmonary vein or veins
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
1

Cocaine

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.n III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.n - Alveolar hemorrhage (subclinical, or as a BAL feature)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.o IV - Airway involvement
IV.o - Airway hyperresponsiveness
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.ab V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.ab - Pneumothorax, bilateral
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.l VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.l - Acute pulmonary vasoconstriction and PHT
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.i VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.i - Midline destructive lesions
VIII.w VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.w - Uvulitis, uvular edema
VIII.ah VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ah - Tracheal polyps
VIII.ai VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ai - Nasal, palatal and/or pharyngeal pathology
VIII.ak VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ak - Rhinitis medicamentosa
IX.k IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.k - Trismus (lockjaw)
IX.o IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.o - Pneumorachis
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.x X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.as X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.as - Scleroderma renal crisis
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ae XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ae - Barotrauma (incl. pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, interstitial ephysema...)
XI.az XI - Miscellaneous
XI.az - Sneezing (may cause pulmonary barotrauma)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.y XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.y - Pneumopericardium
XII.ae XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ae - Aortic dissection
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.aj XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aj - Systemic arterial thrombosis
XII.ap XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ap - Coronary artery dissection
XIV.c XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.c - Carboxyhemoglobinemia
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
XV.aw XV - Pathology
XV.aw - Path: Skin vasculopathy/vasculitis
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
1

E-cigarette - e-vaporizers-ENDS-Vaping-Dabbing

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.aw I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aw - Persistent reduction in diffusing capacity for CO upon resolution of the adverse effect
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.u II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.u - Acute respiratory failure (ARDS, pulmonary edema, severe bronchospasm) requiring ECMO
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc, XVx)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Sptutum production - Bronchorrhea - 'Bronchitis'
IV.v IV - Airway involvement
IV.v - Deterioration/exacerbation of preexisting asthma or COPD
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical or caustic facial and/or airway injury
VIII.al VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.al - Epiglottitis
VIII.an VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.an - Facial/labial/buccal/oral/dental trauma
IX.h IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.h - Dyspnea, unexplained otherwise
IX.af IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.af - Seizures
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.aq X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aq - Relapse or flare of preexisting ulcerative colitis
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ac XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ac - Thermal skin/dermal injury
XI.ay XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ay - Chest tightness
XI.bc XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bc - Polycythemia
XI.bd XI - Miscellaneous
XI.bd - Nicotine poisoning
XI.be XI - Miscellaneous
XI.be - Burns
XII.ag XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ag - Bradycardia
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.p XV - Pathology
XV.p - Path: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute/subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.y XV - Pathology
XV.y - Path: Respiratory bronchiolitis (w/wo the RB-ILD-pattern)
XV.ab XV - Pathology
XV.ab - Path: Pulmonary capillaritis
XV.bi XV - Pathology
XV.bi - Path: Giant-cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP)-pattern
XVI.a XVI - Imaging
XVI.a - Imaging: Diffuse haze
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.d XVI - Imaging
XVI.d - Imaging: Alveolar opacities or haze with a batwing or butterfly distribution
XVI.g XVI - Imaging
XVI.g - Imaging: Diffuse whiteout/alveolar shadowing (see also under IIb-ARDS)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
XIX.d XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.d - BAL: Gross or microscopic bleeding/hemorrhage
XIX.f XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages
XIX.i XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.i - BAL: Oil red O-stainable material in BAL macrophages othen than exogenous lipids
XIX.n XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.n - BAL: Brown-pigmented macrophages
1

Hydrocarbons (petrochemicals: petroleum, petrolatum, paraffin, vaseline, naphta, jet fuels (kerosene), Diesel, gasoil), ointments, variegated oils, butter). P.o.

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.ae I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ae - Hydrocarbon pneumonitis
I.af I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.af - Chemical (toxic) pneumonitis
I.ag I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ag - Fire-eater's lung or -pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical or caustic facial and/or airway injury
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.s XI - Miscellaneous
XI.s - Sniffing death - Death from inhalation of compound
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.as XV - Pathology
XV.as - Path: Fire eater's lung
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.f XVI - Imaging
XVI.f - Imaging: Bibasilar opacities/shadowing
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.ah XVI - Imaging
XVI.ah - Imaging: Pneumatoceles (see also XVIaf)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.h XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.h - BAL: Exogenous (oil red O-stainable) lipids in BAL macrophages
1

Levamisole-adulterated/tainted cocaine

III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VIII.i VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.i - Midline destructive lesions
VIII.o VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.o - Perforation of the nasal septum
VIII.ai VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ai - Nasal, palatal and/or pharyngeal pathology
IX.t IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.t - CNS involvement/dysfunction/damage
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.ak X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ak - Dual MPO-/PR3-ANCA systemic disease/vasculitis
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.aa XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aa - Arterial (aorta, limb) vasoconstriction and/or ischemia, acute
XV.al XV - Pathology
XV.al - Path: Pulmonary hypertension incl. angiomatoid vasculopathy
XV.aw XV - Pathology
XV.aw - Path: Skin vasculopathy/vasculitis
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVIII.t XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.t - Eye catcher: Purpuric/Ecchymotic/Cyanotic lesions of the earlobes and/or nose
1