IX.a

Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)

Presentation may range from restrictive lung dysfunction to acute respiratory failure. Can be due to noncompetitive myoneuronal presynaptic blockade of acetylcholine release, myasthenia gravis, or myopathy. May cause severe or fatal respiratory failure. May be diffuiculmt to separate from Iaj. See also under IXd, IXj, IXs, and PMID 7628504, 25767924. See also myasthenia gravis under IXr

Last update : 06/05/2018
 

Causative drugs

25

Abused drugs/substances (illicit-, street drugs - IV/inhaled)

I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.t I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.t - Pneumoconiosis, talcosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.g IV - Airway involvement
IV.g - Syncope - Cough syncope
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.q V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.q - Empyema
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.g VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.g - Foreign body vasculopathy (Excipient lung disease)
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VI.j VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.j - Mercury pulmonary embolism
VI.r VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.r - Septic pulmonary embolism
VI.t VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.t - Pulmonary artery aneurysm(s)
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.c VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.d VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical, or caustic facial and/or airway injury
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.s IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.s - Botulism - Wound botulism
X.u X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ac X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like) or flare of
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute - subacute)
XI.g XI - Miscellaneous
XI.g - Aspiration, aspiration pneumonia (w/wo demonstrable pharyngeal dysmotility)
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XII.i XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.i - Endocarditis (infective)
XII.v XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.v - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
XV.q XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/reaction
XV.s XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.s - Path: Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis, talcoma)
XV.ag XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ag - Path: Foreign body embolism, microangiopathy, vasculopathy
XV.al XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.al - Path: Pulmonary hypertension incl. angiomatoid vasculopathy
XVI.v XVI - Imaging
XVI.v - Imaging: Diffuse centrilobular micronodules
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.ae XVI - Imaging
XVI.ae - Imaging: A pattern similar to progressive massive fibrosis (PMF)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.p XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.p - Lung abscess/abscesses (see also VIr)
XVII.s XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.s - Sternoclavicular septic arthritis
XVII.u XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.u - Epidural abscess
1

Amiodarone

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary opacities
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.r I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.r - Amiodarone pulmonary toxicity
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD or pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.aa I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aa - Delayed ILD, -pneumonitis, -fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
II.l II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.l - Postoperative ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.r IV - Airway involvement
IV.r - Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening/fibrosis - Fibrothorax
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thromboembolism
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VIII.a VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO & asphyxia)
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Ventilatory depression-Hypoventilation (may cause ARF). See also XIe
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XI.f XI - Miscellaneous
XI.f - Pseudocyanotic skin discoloration (see also XIa, XIVa, XIVb)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericarditis, pericardial effusion, tamponade
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Hypotension, shock, cardiovascular collapse
XII.p XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.p - QT prolongation
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm
XV.a XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.f XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.i XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells)
XV.j XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XV.k XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.m XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia - LIP-pattern
XV.o XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.o - Path: Endogenous lipoid pneumonia (phospholipidosis)
XV.r XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.r - Path: Smudged geographic necrosis
XV.ao XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ao - Path: Pleuritis, pleural fibrosis
XV.bt XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.bt - Path: Histiocytic proliferation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass shadowing/opacities (GGO)
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVI.s XVI - Imaging
XVI.s - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with high attenuation numbers or metallic density
XVI.aa XVI - Imaging
XVI.aa - Imaging: Nodules, mass or masses with a central area of low attenuation (see also under XVIaa)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.az XVI - Imaging
XVI.az - Imaging: Solitary pulmonary nodule
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
XVIII.b XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.b - Eye catcher: Electron-dense area or areas of consolidation on unenhanced CT
XVIII.k XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.k - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense liver on unenhanced CT
XVIII.p XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.p - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense ('white') thyroid
XIX.a XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.e XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.e - BAL: Stainable iron in macrophages
XIX.f XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages in BAL, pleural fluid, or FNA
XIX.m XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.m - BAL: A normal cell differential
1

Chloroquine

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.i IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.i - Respiratory arrest - Apnea
X.a X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS (drug rash eosinophilia and hypersensitivity syndrome)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.h XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.h - Eosinophilic myocarditis
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies-Abnormal hemoglobins states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.b XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XIX.c XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
1

Corticosteroids, systemic (oral, parenteral)

I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thromboembolism
VI.e VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.e - Fat/oil embolism
VI.ad VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.ad - Right ventricular outflow tract compression
VII.c VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.c - Mediastinal lipomatosis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VII.j VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.j - Compression of mediastinal structures/organs
VIII.g VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.g - Tracheal narrowing - Sabre sheath trachea
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.f IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.f - Hiccup
IX.m IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.m - Epidural thoracic lipomatosis
IX.v IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.v - Myopathy/muscle weakness or paralysis
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.n X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.n - Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)
X.as X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.as - Scleroderma renal crisis
X.av X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.av - Hypogammaglobulinemia-Antibody deficiency (see under XVIIw)
XI.v XI - Miscellaneous
XI.v - Rib fracture
XI.ag XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ag - Vertebral compression fracture
XI.ai XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ai - Cushing syndrome
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.v XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.v - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
XVI.at XVI - Imaging
XVI.at - Imaging: Subpleural fat deposits
XVI.au XVI - Imaging
XVI.au - Imaging: Mediastinal fatty deposits
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary
XVII.d XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.d - Pneumocystis jiroveci pulmonary colonization
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.j XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.j - Mucormycosis (pulmonary, tracheobronchial or systemic)
XVII.m XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.m - Fungal airway infection
XVII.o XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.o - Nocardia pulmonary infection
XVII.r XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.r - Fungal infection (pulmonary/extrapulmonary)
XVII.v XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.v - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection (w/wo DAH)
XVII.w XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.w - Hypogammaglobulinemia - Antibody deficiency
XVII.ai XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ai - A falsely negative/indeterminate IGRA test result
4

Herbals - Dietary, botanical therapy - Food

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
II.q II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.q - Respiratory distress
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (see also IVn)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.a - Pulmonary embolism - Venous thromboembolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VIII.c VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.w VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.w - Uvulitis, uvular edema
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Ventilatory depression-Hypoventilation (may cause ARF). See also XIe
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.u X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute - subacute)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.h XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.h - Eosinophilic myocarditis
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.m XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.m - Cardiac/cardiopulmonary arrest
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Hypotension, shock, cardiovascular collapse
XII.w XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.w - Asystole
XII.ah XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ah - Tachycardia
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XV.z XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.z - Path: Chronic obliterative broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
1

Nivolumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
I.aj I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aj - Shrinking lung syndrome
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Ventilatory depression-Hypoventilation (may cause ARF). See also XIe
IX.h IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.h - Dyspnea, unexplained otherwise
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
IX.y IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.y - A flare or relapse of preexisting myasthenia gravis
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.g X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reaction (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myositis/polymyositis/DPM/rhabdomyolysis/myopathy
X.k X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like, granulomatous thoracic and/or extrathoracic reaction
X.u X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.ay X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ay - Polymyalgia rheumatica
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericarditis, pericardial effusion, tamponade
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Pneumonia - Respiratory tract infection
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.aj XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.aj - Bordetella bronchiseptica pulmonary infection
1

Penicillamine

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD or pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - ARDS - Acute respiratory failure
II.b - ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.a - Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome
III.d III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse, ANCA-positive or related
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (see also IVn)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions
X.j X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myositis/polymyositis/DPM/rhabdomyolysis/myopathy
X.s X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Pulmonary/systemic vasculitis/polyangiitis (ANCA-positive)
X.ac X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like) or flare of
XI.t XI - Miscellaneous
XI.t - Yellow nail syndrome
XV.z XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.z - Path: Chronic obliterative broncholitis (see also IVc, IVn)
XVII.w XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.w - Hypogammaglobulinemia - Antibody deficiency
1

Radiation therapy (medium term & late effects)

I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary opacities
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Subclinical changes in lung function/PFT
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
III.c III - Pulmonary hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.h IV - Airway involvement
IV.h - Airway necrosis
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
IV.m IV - Airway involvement
IV.m - Bronchial stenosis/stricture
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening/fibrosis - Fibrothorax
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
V.l V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.l - Malignant pleural mesothelioma
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
V.t V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.t - The apical cap
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.ab VI - Pulmonary vasculopathy
VI.ab - Pulmonary artery stenosis
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.i VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.i - Mediastinitis
VII.j VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.j - Compression of mediastinal structures/organs
VII.l VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.l - Calcification of mediastinal lymph nodes
VIII.c VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.r VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.ab VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.ab - Tracheal/bronchial fistula
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
XI.g XI - Miscellaneous
XI.g - Aspiration, aspiration pneumonia (w/wo demonstrable pharyngeal dysmotility)
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal tear/rupture/fistula
XI.i XI - Miscellaneous
XI.i - Esophageal toxicity
XI.v XI - Miscellaneous
XI.v - Rib fracture
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.b XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.b - Valvular heart disease and/or dysfunction
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Pericardial thickening - Constrictive pericarditis
XII.o XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.o - Coronary artery disease, chronic
XII.q XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.q - Coarctation of the aorta (acquired)
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XII.ad XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ad - Effusive-constrictive pericarditis
XII.ak XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ak - Late left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.an XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.an - Pericardial calcification
XIII.a XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.a - Lung cancer
XIII.d XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.d - Malignant mesothelioma (pleural, pericardial)
XIII.e XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.e - Breast cancer
XIII.j XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.j - Pulmonary synovial sarcoma
XIII.l XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.l - Chondrosarcoma
XVI.bi XVI - Imaging
XVI.bi - Imaging: Hyperlucent lung
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
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Statins

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (see also under ARDS)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia (A pattern consistent with)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
VIII.a VIII - Upper, central, large airway involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO & asphyxia)
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
X.d X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.j X - Systemic conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myositis/polymyositis/DPM/rhabdomyolysis/myopathy
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute - subacute)
XII.ab XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ab - Pericardial fat necrosis
XV.c XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.o XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.o - Path: Endogenous lipoid pneumonia (phospholipidosis)
XV.ap XV - Pulmonary pathology
XV.ap - Path: Pleuroparenchymal fibrosis/fibroelastosis (PPFE)
XIX.f XIX - Cytology, biochemistry of BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages in BAL, pleural fluid, or FNA
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