X.s

Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)

Drug-induced ANCA-associated or related systemic disease (formerly known as Wegener's) may manifest with vasculitis in almost any organ, arthritis, skin, kidney, lung (usually in the form of DAH) or other end-organ involvement mimicking idiopathic ANCA-related granulomatosis and polyangiitis (Wegener) or PAN. ANCA titers can be very high and multispecific, decreasing upon drug discontinuance paralleling clinical improvement. Treatment approach in severe cases is similar to primary ANCA disease. See under IIId, VId, Xm and at PMID 21674413. ANCA specificity for cocaine and levamisole at PMID 21654271. Early cases at a time ANCA were not described may be found under Xm. Reviews at PMID 19335842, 24485158

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

33

Adalimumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - An area or areas of consolidation
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.d III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (ANCA-positive/-related)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemi- or bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.f XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.f - Tuberculosis, miliary
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.z XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.z - Histoplamosis (reactivation)
XVII.aa XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.aa - Coccidioidomycosis
1

Bevacizumab

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.g III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.g - Bleeding/hemorrhage from/around preexisting lung tumor (Localized AH)
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.k III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.k - Epistaxis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VIII.o VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.o - Perforation of the nasal septum
VIII.r VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.r - Tracheal necrosis, chondronecrosis, perforation
VIII.ab VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ab - Airway (e.g. tracheoesophageal) fistula
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
XI.w XI - Miscellaneous
XI.w - Cavitation/necrosis of lung tumor or metastases
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.ai XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ai - Cardiotoxicity
XII.aj XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aj - Systemic arterial thrombosis
XII.at XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.at - Aortitis
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule, mass or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVI.bf XVI - Imaging
XVI.bf - Imaging: Tumoral cavitation
3

Breast implants - Augmentation mammaplasty

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.n I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.n - Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)
I.al I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.al - Silicone pneumonitis - 'Silicone lung'
I.am I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.am - Siliconoma
II.u II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.u - Acute respiratory failure (ARDS, pulmonary edema, severe bronchospasm) requiring ECMO
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.v V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.v - Silicone pleural effusion
V.w V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.w - Silicone pleural nodules - Pleural siliconomas
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.q X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.q - Systemic inflammatory response
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XIII.f XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.f - Fibromatosis of the chest wall
XIII.h XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.h - Pulmonary nodular lymphoid hyperplasia
XIII.i XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.i - Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma
XV.bn XV - Pathology
XV.bn - Path: Silicone droplets/vacuoles in lung tissue, pulmonary vasculature, or lymph nodes
XV.cq XV - Pathology
XV.cq - Path: Silicone lymphadenopathy
XV.cr XV - Pathology
XV.cr - Path: Silicone pleural nodules or siliconoma (See under Vw)
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.av XVI - Imaging
XVI.av - Imaging: Displacement/migration of a breast implant
XVI.bh XVI - Imaging
XVI.bh - Imaging: F18-PET scan positive lympadenopathy
XVIII.c XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.c - Eye catcher: A displaced breast implant
1

Cocaine

I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.d II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.d - Pulmonary edema, cardiogenic
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.n III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.n - Alveolar hemorrhage (subclinical, or as a BAL feature)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.o IV - Airway involvement
IV.o - Airway hyperresponsiveness
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.ab V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.ab - Pneumothorax, bilateral
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.l VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.l - Acute pulmonary vasoconstriction and PHT
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.i VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.i - Midline destructive lesions
VIII.w VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.w - Uvulitis, uvular edema
VIII.ah VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ah - Tracheal polyps
VIII.ai VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ai - Nasal, palatal and/or pharyngeal pathology
VIII.ak VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ak - Rhinitis medicamentosa
IX.k IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.k - Trismus (lockjaw)
IX.o IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.o - Pneumorachis
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
X.x X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.x - Subclinical ANCA positivity
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.as X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.as - Scleroderma renal crisis
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.m XI - Miscellaneous
XI.m - Pulmonary emphysema - Lung cysts or bullae
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ae XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ae - Barotrauma (incl. pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, interstitial ephysema...)
XI.az XI - Miscellaneous
XI.az - Sneezing (may cause pulmonary barotrauma)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.e XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.e - Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.y XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.y - Pneumopericardium
XII.ae XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ae - Aortic dissection
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary vasospasm - Vasospastic angina
XII.aj XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aj - Systemic arterial thrombosis
XII.ap XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ap - Coronary artery dissection
XIV.c XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.c - Carboxyhemoglobinemia
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: NSIP-fibrotic pattern
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
XV.aw XV - Pathology
XV.aw - Path: Skin vasculopathy/vasculitis
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
2

Etanercept

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.q I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.q - Pulmonary nodulosis
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
IX.q IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.q - Obstructive sleep apnea
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ar X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ar - Relapse/flare/onset of Crohn's disease
XI.ad XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ad - Granulomas on tattoo edges
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.ba XV - Pathology
XV.ba - Path: Granulomatous lymphadenopathy
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.f XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.f - Tuberculosis, miliary
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous pulmonary mycobacterial infection/superinfection
XVII.ab XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ab - Protozoan infection (incl. leishmaniasis)
1

Hydralazine

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.d III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.d - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (ANCA-positive/-related)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.i V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.i - Pleuritis (may cause acute chest pain (see also under XIc)
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.c VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.c - Upper airway obstruction other than angioedema or hematoma
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ak X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ak - Dual MPO-/PR3-ANCA systemic disease/vasculitis
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.k XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.k - Pericardial thickening - Constrictive pericarditis
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
2

Infliximab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombosis/thromboembolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ah X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ah - Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (typically +ANCA). Or flare of preexisting GPA
X.ar X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ar - Relapse/flare/onset of Crohn's disease
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: NSIP-cellular pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.cs XV - Pathology
XV.cs - Path: Pleural granulomas
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.d XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.d - Pneumocystis jiroveci pulmonary colonization
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.f XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.f - Tuberculosis, miliary
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous pulmonary mycobacterial infection/superinfection
XVII.n XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.n - Legionella pneumophila pneumonia
XVII.o XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.o - Nocardia pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.q XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.q - Viral pneumonia
XVII.r XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.r - Fungal infection (pulmonary/extrapulmonary)
XVII.y XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.y - Cryptococcus pulmonary infection
XVII.z XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.z - Histoplamosis (reactivation)
XVII.ac XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ac - Actinomycosis
2

Levamisole-adulterated/tainted cocaine

III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome (w/wo ANCAs)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VIII.i VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.i - Midline destructive lesions
VIII.o VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.o - Perforation of the nasal septum
VIII.ai VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ai - Nasal, palatal and/or pharyngeal pathology
IX.t IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.t - CNS involvement/dysfunction/damage
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.ak X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ak - Dual MPO-/PR3-ANCA systemic disease/vasculitis
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.aa XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aa - Arterial (aorta, limb) vasoconstriction and/or ischemia, acute
XV.al XV - Pathology
XV.al - Path: Pulmonary hypertension incl. angiomatoid vasculopathy
XV.aw XV - Pathology
XV.aw - Path: Skin vasculopathy/vasculitis
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVIII.t XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.t - Eye catcher: Purpuric/Ecchymotic/Cyanotic lesions of the earlobes and/or nose
3

Minocycline

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.aj I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aj - Shrinking lung syndrome
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions (+ANA, +anti-ds-DNA, +ANCAs, other auto-Abs)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis - Anaphylactoid reaction
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.v X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.v - Systemic eosinophilic syndrome w/wo vasculitis (see also Xa)
X.aj X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aj - Polyarteritis nodosa-like condition
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.as XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.as - Giant cell myocarditis
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.ac XV - Pathology
XV.ac - Path: Pulmonary vasculitis other than capillaritis
XV.ad XV - Pathology
XV.ad - Path: Eosinophilic vasculitis
XV.af XV - Pathology
XV.af - Path: Granulomatous pulmonary vasculitis
XV.cj XV - Pathology
XV.cj - Path: Brownish macrophages in airspaces (airways - alveoli)
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
2