XVI.b

Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing

Can be localized, disseminated or diffuse

Last update : 01/01/1970
 

Causative drugs

23

Amiodarone

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.s I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.s - A mass or masses
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.aa I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aa - Delayed ILD, -pneumonitis, -fibrosis
I.at I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.at - Amiodarone pulmonary toxicity - Amiodarone lung
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.l II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.l - Postoperative ARDS
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.r IV - Airway involvement
IV.r - Airway pigmentation (black, bluish, petechial)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.c V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.c - Pleural thickening
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.t V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.t - The apical cap
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.i VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.i - Acute pulmonary hypertension
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
IX.a IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.a - Diaphragm/inspiratory muscle weakness/paralysis (w/wo ARF)
IX.d IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.d - Respiratory depression-Hypoventilation (See also under XIe)
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XI.f XI - Miscellaneous
XI.f - Pseudocyanotic skin discoloration (see also XIa, XIVa, XIVb)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.n XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.n - Cardiovascular collapse - Cardiogenic shock
XII.p XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.p - QT prolongation
XII.t XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.t - Torsades de pointe
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm
XII.au XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.au - Heart failure (thyrotoxicosis-, thyroid storm-mediated)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells)
XV.j XV - Pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.m XV - Pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia - LIP-pattern
XV.o XV - Pathology
XV.o - Path: Endogenous lipoid pneumonia (phospholipidosis)
XV.r XV - Pathology
XV.r - Path: Smudged geographic necrosis
XV.ao XV - Pathology
XV.ao - Path: Pleuritis, pleural fibrosis
XV.bt XV - Pathology
XV.bt - Path: Histiocytic proliferation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.i XVI - Imaging
XVI.i - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with a recognizable anatomic distribution
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVI.s XVI - Imaging
XVI.s - Imaging: An area or areas of involvement with high attenuation numbers or metallic density
XVI.w XVI - Imaging
XVI.w - Imaging: Lung nodule or nodules
XVI.aa XVI - Imaging
XVI.aa - Imaging: Nodules, mass or masses with a central area of low attenuation (see also under XVIaa)
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.az XVI - Imaging
XVI.az - Imaging: Solitary pulmonary nodule
XVI.bj XVI - Imaging
XVI.bj - Imaging: Atelectasis (a combination of increased density and volume loss. Typically lobar)
XVI.bq XVI - Imaging
XVI.bq - Imaging: A pattern consistent with pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVIII.b XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.b - Eye catcher: Electron-dense area or areas of consolidation on unenhanced chest CT
XVIII.k XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.k - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense liver on unenhanced CT
XVIII.p XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.p - Eye-catcher: An electron-dense ('white') thyroid
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
XIX.e XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.e - BAL: Stainable iron in macrophages
XIX.f XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages
XIX.m XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.m - BAL: A normal cell differential
4

Bleomycin

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.p I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.p - Fatal pneumonitis (ILD)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.p V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.p - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
V.z V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.z - Pneumothorax (secondary to drug-induced ILD)
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.f VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.f - Hemolytic and uremic syndrome (HUS). See also under Xaf
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum (may cause UAO)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells)
XV.j XV - Pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XV.ax XV - Pathology
XV.ax - Path: Focal organizing pneumonia
XV.be XV - Pathology
XV.be - Path: Interstitial pulmonary edema
XV.bf XV - Pathology
XV.bf - Path: Pulmonary necrotizing granuloma or granulomas
XVI.a XVI - Imaging
XVI.a - Imaging: Diffuse haze
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.w XVI - Imaging
XVI.w - Imaging: Lung nodule or nodules
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.af XVI - Imaging
XVI.af - Imaging: Lung cysts or bullae (see also XVI ah/bf)
XVI.bl XVI - Imaging
XVI.bl - Imaging: An area or areas of avid tracer uptake in the chest on 18F-PET scan
XVIII.j XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.j - Eye-catcher: Avid lung uptake on PET-CT
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XXIV.a XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.a - Veterinary: Pneumonitis - Interstitial lung disease
XXIV.b XXIV - Veterinary medicine
XXIV.b - Veterinary: Pulmonary fibrosis
3

Carmustine (BCNU)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.x I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.x - Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE)
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
V.ab V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.ab - Pneumothorax, bilateral
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells)
XV.ap XV - Pathology
XV.ap - Path: Pleuroparenchymal fibrosis/fibroelastosis (PPFE)
XVI.a XVI - Imaging
XVI.a - Imaging: Diffuse haze
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.m XVI - Imaging
XVI.m - Imaging: Interlobular septal thickening
1

Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation

I.ao I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ao - Pulmonary infiltrates, not specified otherwise
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.z IV - Airway involvement
IV.z - Bronchial wall erosion/hematoma
IV.ah IV - Airway involvement
IV.ah - Bronchopericardial fistula
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
V.n V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.n - Hemopericardium - Bloody pericardial effusion
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.z VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.z - Pulmonary vein stenosis
VI.ac VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ac - Pulmonary infarction
VI.ae VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.ae - Pulmonary vein perforation/rupture
VII.d VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.d - Fibrosing mediastinitis
VII.g VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.g - Hemomediastinum - Mediastinal hematoma
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum (may cause UAO)
VIII.h VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.h - Vocal cord dysfunction, adduction, closure
VIII.j VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.j - Laryngeal disorder: dysphonia, hoarseness
IX.j IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.j - Phrenic nerve injury - Hemi- or bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
IX.n IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.n - Vagal nerve injury
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.h XI - Miscellaneous
XI.h - Esophageal pathology (erosion, ulcer, tear, rupture, fistula)
XI.k XI - Miscellaneous
XI.k - Esophageal hematoma (may cause chest pain and/or tracheal compression)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.af XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.af - Coronary arterial spasm
XII.aw XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aw - Postcardiac/-cardiotomy injury (PCIS-Dressler)
XII.bd XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bd - Perforation of the heart - Cardiac rupture
XII.bg XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bg - Atrio-esophageal fistula
XII.bh XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.bh - Atrial septal defect, acquired
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.ah XV - Pathology
XV.ah - Path: Pulmonary congestion
XV.ak XV - Pathology
XV.ak - Path: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD)
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.l XVI - Imaging
XVI.l - Imaging: Peribronchovascular areas of consolidation
XVI.bg XVI - Imaging
XVI.bg - Imaging: Pulmonary vein stenosis
XVI.bo XVI - Imaging
XVI.bo - Imaging: Localized calcification of pulmonary vein or veins
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
1

Crack cocaine

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.j II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.j - Transient pulmonary opacities
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.c IV - Airway involvement
IV.c - Obliterative bronchiolitis (see also IVn)
IV.e IV - Airway involvement
IV.e - Cough (acute, violent, explosive)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum (may cause UAO)
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical, or caustic facial and/or airway injury
VIII.m VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.m - Drug foreign body in the airway
VIII.ac VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.ac - Retropharyngeal emphysema
X.ac X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ac - Anti-GBM antibody disease (Goodpasture-like or flare of preexisting GS)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.l XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.l - Cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmias (AF, VT, VF, TdP)
XII.aa XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aa - Arterial (aorta, limb) vasoconstriction and/or ischemia, acute
XII.ae XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ae - Aortic dissection
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.q XV - Pathology
XV.q - Path: Foreign body deposits/granulomatous reaction
XV.s XV - Pathology
XV.s - Path: Pneumoconiosis (silicosis, talcosis, talcoma)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XV.bj XV - Pathology
XV.bj - Path: Alveolar carbonaceous material or deposits
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.d XVI - Imaging
XVI.d - Imaging: Alveolar opacities or haze with a batwing or butterfly distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVIII.l XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.l - Eye catcher: Candy-cane esophagus
1

E-cigarette - e-vaporizers-ENDS-Vaping-Dabbing

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.u I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.u - Relapsing or migrating pneumonitis/pneumonia (see also Id)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.f IV - Airway involvement
IV.f - Severe, catastrophic asthma attack (can be fatal)
IV.n IV - Airway involvement
IV.n - Obstructive airway dysfunction (see also IVc)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchorrhea
IV.v IV - Airway involvement
IV.v - Deterioration/exacerbation of preexisting asthma or COPD
V.f V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.f - Pneumothorax
VII.h VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.h - Pneumomediastinum (may cause UAO)
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical, or caustic facial and/or airway injury
X.aq X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aq - Relapse or flare of preexisting ulcerative colitis
XI.r XI - Miscellaneous
XI.r - Death following exposure or poisoning
XI.ac XI - Miscellaneous
XI.ac - Thermal skin/dermal injury
XII.ag XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.ag - Bradycardia
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.p XV - Pathology
XV.p - Path: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute or subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.y XV - Pathology
XV.y - Path: Respiratory bronchiolitis (RB-ILD-pattern)
XV.bi XV - Pathology
XV.bi - Path: Giant-cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP)-pattern
XVI.a XVI - Imaging
XVI.a - Imaging: Diffuse haze
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVII.a XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.a - Respiratory tract infection incl. pneumonia
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
XIX.f XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.f - BAL: Foamy macrophages
XIX.h XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.h - BAL: Exogenous (foreign) lipids in BAL cells
XIX.n XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.n - BAL: Brown-pigmented macrophages
1

Everolimus

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.p I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.p - Fatal pneumonitis (ILD)
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
V.h V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.h - Chylothorax
V.i V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.i - Pleuritis (may cause acute chest pain (see also under XIc)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.bl XVI - Imaging
XVI.bl - Imaging: An area or areas of avid tracer uptake in the chest on 18F-PET scan
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
1

Gemcitabine

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.c II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.c - ARDS and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.b IV - Airway involvement
IV.b - Bronchospasm and angioedema
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.i V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.i - Pleuritis (may cause acute chest pain (see also under XIc)
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.c VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.c - Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
VI.f VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.f - Hemolytic and uremic syndrome (HUS). See also under Xaf
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.n X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.n - Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)
X.af X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.af - Thrombotic microangiopathy
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.f XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.f - Cardiomyopathy (acute, subacute, chronic)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.n XVI - Imaging
XVI.n - Imaging: Intralobular septal thickening - Crazy paving
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
1

Hydrocarbons (petrochemicals: paraffin, vaseline, naphta, jet fuels (kerosene), Diesel, gasoil), ointments, variegated oils, butter). Oral

I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.j I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.j - Lipoid pneumonia, exogenous
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.ae I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ae - Hydrocarbon pneumonitis
I.af I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.af - Chemical pneumonitis
I.ag I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ag - Fire-eater's lung or -pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.c III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.c - Hemoptysis
IV.k IV - Airway involvement
IV.k - Bronchiectasis
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
VIII.d VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.d - Thermal (burns, frostbite), chemical, or caustic facial and/or airway injury
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.s XI - Miscellaneous
XI.s - Sniffing death - Death from inhalation of compound
XIV.a XIV - Hemoglobinopathies - Abnormal hemoglobin states (acquired)
XIV.a - Methemoglobinemia
XV.as XV - Pathology
XV.as - Path: Fire eater's lung
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.f XVI - Imaging
XVI.f - Imaging: Bibasilar opacities/shadowing
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.ab XVI - Imaging
XVI.ab - Imaging: Cavitating lung nodule or nodules (see also Iq, XIs, XIIi, XVIaa and XVIIp)
XVI.ah XVI - Imaging
XVI.ah - Imaging: Pneumatoceles (see also XVIaf)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.h XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.h - BAL: Exogenous (foreign) lipids in BAL cells
3

Infliximab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.b X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.b - Antiphospholipid antibodies w/wo the APL syndrome
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.h X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.h - Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ah X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ah - Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (w/wo ANCA) or flare of
X.ar X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ar - Relapse/flare/onset of Crohn's disease
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.cf XV - Pathology
XV.cf - Path: Pleural granulomas
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.d XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.d - Pneumocystis jiroveci pulmonary colonization
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.f XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.f - Tuberculosis, miliary
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous pulmonary mycobacterial infection/superinfection
XVII.n XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.n - Legionella pneumophila pneumonia
XVII.o XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.o - Nocardia pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.q XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.q - Viral pneumonia
XVII.r XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.r - Fungal infection (pulmonary/extrapulmonary)
XVII.y XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.y - Cryptococcus pulmonary infection
XVII.z XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.z - Histoplamosis (reactivation)
XVII.ac XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.ac - Actinomycosis
1

Levamisole-adulterated/tainted cocaine

III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
III.b III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.b - Pneumorenal syndrome
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.b VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.b - Pulmonary arterial hypertension
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
IX.t IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.t - CNS involvement/dysfunction/damage
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.o X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.o - Neutrophilic dermatosis (Pyoderma, Sweet syndrome)
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
X.ad X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ad - Skin purpura, ecchymoses or necrosis
X.ak X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ak - Dual MPO-/PR3-ANCA systemic disease/vasculitis
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.g XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.g - Myocardial ischemia/infarction - Coronary artery disease, acute
XII.aa XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.aa - Arterial (aorta, limb) vasoconstriction and/or ischemia, acute
XV.al XV - Pathology
XV.al - Path: Pulmonary hypertension incl. angiomatoid vasculopathy
XV.aw XV - Pathology
XV.aw - Path: Skin vasculopathy/vasculitis
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVIII.t XVIII - Distinctive patterns - 'Eye-catchers'
XVIII.t - Eye catcher: Purpuric/Ecchymotic/Cyanotic lesions of the earlobes and/or nose
1

Methotrexate

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.h I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.h - Subclinical pulmonary infiltrates/ILD
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.q I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.q - Pulmonary nodulosis
I.v I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.v - Altered lung function/PFTs (can be subclinical)
I.w I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.w - Rapidly progressive ILD/pulmonary fibrosis (Hamman-Rich syndrome)
I.aa I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.aa - Delayed ILD, -pneumonitis, -fibrosis
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.e V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.e - Hemothorax - Serosanguineous pleural effusion
V.i V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.i - Pleuritis (may cause acute chest pain (see also under XIc)
V.n V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.n - Hemopericardium - Bloody pericardial effusion
V.s V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.s - Serositis - Polyserositis
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
VIII.aj VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.aj - Endobronchial lymphoproliferative disorder
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XIII.b XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.b - Lymphoproliferative disease (pulmonary, endobronchial, endothoracic)
XIII.g XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.g - Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (pulmonary, endothoracic)
XIII.k XIII - Neoplastic conditions
XIII.k - Lymphoproliferative disease (extrathoracic)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.i XV - Pathology
XV.i - Path: Pneumocyte atypia (reactive epithelial cells)
XV.w XV - Pathology
XV.w - Path: Pulmonary edema (see also II/IIa)
XV.bq XV - Pathology
XV.bq - Path: Lymphoproliferative disease, endothoracic
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.w XVI - Imaging
XVI.w - Imaging: Lung nodule or nodules
XVI.bc XVI - Imaging
XVI.bc - Imaging: Intrathoracic lymph node enlargement
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.d XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.d - Pneumocystis jiroveci pulmonary colonization
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XVII.h XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.h - Nontuberculous pulmonary mycobacterial infection/superinfection
XVII.q XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.q - Viral pneumonia
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
XIX.c XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.c - BAL: An excess proportion of eosinophils
1

Nitrofurantoin

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.c I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.c - Eosinophilic pneumonia (pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.e I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.e - Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)
I.g I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.g - Pulmonary fibrosis (Not otherwise specified)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.r I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.r - ILD with an imaging pattern consistent with DIP
II.a II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.a - Pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic (NCPE)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
II.j II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.j - Transient pulmonary opacities
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.a IV - Airway involvement
IV.a - Bronchospasm - Wheezing - Asthma
IV.ae IV - Airway involvement
IV.ae - Tracheobronchitis-like clinical pattern
V.a V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.a - Pleural effusion
V.b V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.b - Eosinophilic pleural effusion
V.d V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.d - Pleural/pericardial effusion, ANA positive (DI lupus)
V.i V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.i - Pleuritis (may cause acute chest pain (see also under XIc)
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VIII.b VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.b - Hematoma of/around the airway wall potentially causing UAO
IX.i IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.i - Respiratory arrest - Apnea
X.a X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.a - DRESS - DRESS-like reaction
X.d X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.d - Lupus - Lupus syndrome (see also Vd)
X.e X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.e - Autoimmunity - Autoimmune conditions
X.f X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.f - Anaphylaxis
X.s X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.s - Vasculitis, pulmonary/systemic (ANCA-positive)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.c XI - Miscellaneous
XI.c - Pleuritic chest pain (see also under Vi)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.h XV - Pathology
XV.h - Path: Fibrotic NSIP pattern
XV.j XV - Pathology
XV.j - Path: Pulmonary fibrosis (UIP-pattern)
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute or subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.ac XV - Pathology
XV.ac - Path: Pulmonary vasculitis other than capillaritis
XV.af XV - Pathology
XV.af - Path: Granulomatous pulmonary vasculitis
XV.bi XV - Pathology
XV.bi - Path: Giant-cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP)-pattern
XV.bl XV - Pathology
XV.bl - Path: Resolving alveolar damage
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.f XVI - Imaging
XVI.f - Imaging: Bibasilar opacities/shadowing
XVI.l XVI - Imaging
XVI.l - Imaging: Peribronchovascular areas of consolidation
XVI.bp XVI - Imaging
XVI.bp - Imaging: Reverse ventilation-perfusion mismatch
1

Pembrolizumab

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.o I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.o - Focal/localized area of pneumonitis/fibrosis
I.y I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.y - Progression, acceleration or exacerbation of preexisting ILD/fibrosis
I.ad I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.ad - Radiation recall pneumonitis
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.h III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.h - Major/massive hemoptysis
III.l III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.l - Alveolar hemorrhage, localized (e.g. lobar)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.t IV - Airway involvement
IV.t - Bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchorrhea
IV.y IV - Airway involvement
IV.y - Eosinophilic airways disease/bronchiolitis
IV.ac IV - Airway involvement
IV.ac - Exacerbation or deterioration of preexisting asthma
IV.ad IV - Airway involvement
IV.ad - Large airway inflammation
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VII.a VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.a - Lymphadenopathy (intrathoracic)
VII.e VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.e - Granulomatous mediastinal lymphadenopathy
VIII.t VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.t - Vocal cord paralysis
IX.r IX - Neuromuscular / CNS involvement - Disordered breathing during sleep
IX.r - Myasthenia gravis (may cause neuromuscular ARF)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
X.g X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.g - Hypersensitivity reactions (may involve skin, throat and/or airways)
X.j X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.j - Myopathy-Myositis-Polymyositis (see also under Xba)
X.k X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.k - Sarcoid-like granulomatosis (endo-/extrathoracic)
X.m X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.m - Vascultis (Pulmonary and/or systemic) - ANCA status unknown or negative)
X.aw X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.aw - Connective tissue disease
X.ax X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.ax - Scleroderma
XI.d XI - Miscellaneous
XI.d - Metabolic acidosis (incl. lactic acidosis/-gap). May cause hyperpnea/dyspnea
XI.n XI - Miscellaneous
XI.n - Neutropenia, agranulocytosis (w/wo infection/sepsis)
XII.a XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.a - Left ventricular dysfunction/failure
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XII.d XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.d - Myocarditis
XII.s XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.s - Conduction disorders - Heart block (bundle branch- or AV-)
XV.a XV - Pathology
XV.a - Path: Cellular NSIP pattern (see also Ia, Ib)
XV.b XV - Pathology
XV.b - Path: Eosinophilic pneumonia (subacute or acute) (see also Ic)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.x XV - Pathology
XV.x - Path: Acute or subacute bronchiolitis (see also IVc, IVi)
XV.bb XV - Pathology
XV.bb - Path: Airway inflammation
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVI.z XVI - Imaging
XVI.z - Imaging: A large nodule or a mass
XVII.c XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.c - Aspergillosis, pulmonary (invasive, allergic [ABPA], or mycetoma)
XVII.g XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.g - Tuberculosis (pulmonary, extrapulmonary, reactivation or de novo)
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
XIX.b XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.b - BAL: An excess proportion of neutrophils
1

Silicone (fluid, liquid)

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.k I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.k - Lung nodule or nodules
I.z I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.z - Areas of consolidation
I.al I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.al - Silicone pneumonitis - 'Silicone lung'
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
VI.m VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.m - Silicone embolism (SE) - SE syndrome
VII.k VII - Mediastinal involvement
VII.k - Mediastinal silicone infiltration/siliconoma
VIII.k VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.k - Submucosal airway petechiae/hemorrhage
X.u X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.u - Multiple organ dysfunction/failure (MODS/MOF)
XI.b XI - Miscellaneous
XI.b - Chest pain (acute or subacute), lone or prominent
XI.aa XI - Miscellaneous
XI.aa - CNS symptoms or involvement, stroke
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.bn XV - Pathology
XV.bn - Path: Silicone in lung tissue, pulmonary vasculature or pleura
XV.bo XV - Pathology
XV.bo - Path: Siliconoma
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.e XVI - Imaging
XVI.e - Imaging: Pulmonary opacities with a subpleural distribution
XVI.ax XVI - Imaging
XVI.ax - Imaging: Foreign body pulmonary embolism
XIX.d XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.d - BAL: Gross or microscopic bleeding/hemorrhage
XIX.l XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.l - BAL: Silicone globules in macrophages
2

Sirolimus

I.a I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.a - Pneumonitis (ILD), acute, severe (may occasion an ARDS picture)
I.b I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.b - Pneumonitis (ILD)
I.d I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.d - Organizing pneumonia pattern (an area or areas of consolidation on imaging)
I.f I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.f - Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP)
I.l I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.l - Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (see alsoo under IIb and XVf)
I.m I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.m - ILD with a granulomatous component
I.n I - Interstitial/parenchymal lung disease
I.n - Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)
II.b II - Pulmonary edema - Acute lung injury - ARDS
II.b - ARDS - Acute lung injury
III.a III - Pulmonary/alveolar hemorrhage
III.a - Alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse (DAH)
IV.d IV - Airway involvement
IV.d - Cough (lone)
IV.l IV - Airway involvement
IV.l - Bronchial stump dehiscence
V.m V - Pleural and/or pericardial involvement
V.m - Pleuropericardial effusion (ANA unknown or negative)
VI.a VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.a - Venous thrombo-embolism - Pulmonary embolism
VI.d VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.d - Pulmonary vasculitis or capillaritis
VI.f VI - Pulmonary vasculopathies
VI.f - Hemolytic and uremic syndrome (HUS). See also under Xaf
VIII.a VIII - Central-large-upper airway (incl pharyngeal-nasal) involvement
VIII.a - Angioedema (may cause UAO, asphyxia and death)
X.c X - Systemic/Distant conditions, syndromes and reactions
X.c - Capillary leak syndrome (CLS)
XII.c XII - Cardiovascular involvement / toxicity
XII.c - Pericardial effusion (w/wo tamponade)
XV.c XV - Pathology
XV.c - Path: Organizing pneumonia (OP/BOOP) pattern (see also Id)
XV.d XV - Pathology
XV.d - Path: Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP-pattern) (see also If)
XV.e XV - Pathology
XV.e - Path: ILD with a granulomatous component (see also Im)
XV.f XV - Pathology
XV.f - Path: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD-pattern) (see also IL)
XV.g XV - Pathology
XV.g - Path: Alveolar hemorrhage (see also IIIa)
XV.k XV - Pathology
XV.k - Path: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP-pattern)
XV.m XV - Pathology
XV.m - Path: Lymphoid hyperplasia - LIP-pattern
XV.n XV - Pathology
XV.n - Path: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis pattern (PAP pattern)
XV.ac XV - Pathology
XV.ac - Path: Pulmonary vasculitis other than capillaritis
XV.bf XV - Pathology
XV.bf - Path: Pulmonary necrotizing granuloma or granulomas
XVI.b XVI - Imaging
XVI.b - Imaging: Ground-glass opacities (GGO) / shadowing
XVI.k XVI - Imaging
XVI.k - Imaging: An area or areas of consolidation
XVII.b XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.b - Opportunistic pulmonary/systemic infection
XVII.e XVII - Infections & related conditions
XVII.e - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
XIX.a XIX - Cytological, biochemical features of/in BAL, pleural fluid or FNA
XIX.a - BAL: An excess proportion of lymphocytes
1